Islamic New Year

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Islamic New Year

First day of the Islamic month of Muharram
The Islamic New Year occurs on the first day of Muharram, the first month in the Islamic calendar. Muharram is one of four especially holy months for Muslims, along with Dhu al-Qadah, Dhu al-Hijjah (when the Pilgrimage to Mecca takes place), and Rajab (when Laylat al-Miraj is celebrated). The name of the month means "sacred."
The first day of Muharram commemorates the flight of the Prophet Muhammad from Mecca, where he had experienced hostility toward his teachings, to Medina in 622, which is considered year one in the Muslim calendar. Muhammad's journey, known as the Hijra, is an important milestone in Islamic history, because it brought the religion to more people. Muhammad was welcomed in Medina and soon had many followers.
Devout Muslims observe New Year's Day by going to mosque to worship and listen to stories about Muhammad and early Muslims. Muslims traditionally make resolutions on this day to live more strongly in accord with the teachings of Islam. Some people may exchange gifts, but this is not a popular custom.
SOURCES:
ConEncyIslam-1991, p. 285
MusFest-1987, p. 43
RelHolCal-2004, pp. 143, 144
References in periodicals archive ?
Although Muslims do not actually celebrate the Muslim new year in the way other people celebrate their respective new year, the month of Muharram has special significance.
Muharram falls on the tenth day of the Muslim New Year month, known as Ashura, when Shia Muslims flog themselves with steel-tipped flails or slash their bodies with knives to express solidarity with Hussein.
With celebrations of the Muslim New Year and the Shi'ite holy month of Muharram and Ashoora over the past couple of weeks, Bahrain has enjoyed some of the calmest days since trouble broke out in February 2011.
As a result, the Muslim New Year falls on different dates from year to year.
Islamist factions from north Lebanon said that Tripoli was the capital of Sunni Lebanese and slammed attempts to impede the course of justice and target the country's Sunni community during a rally to mark Muslim New Year.
March 17, 1994--A C-130 Hercules transport plane carrying Iranian women and children home for the Muslim New Year crashes in the disputed Caucasus enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, killing 19 passengers and 13 crew.
With Muslim New Year fast approaching, the NHS campaign, Don't Give Up Giving Up, is urging Muslim communities to consider quitting cigarettes for good," said an NHS spokesman.
Legislation passed in April 2006 extended authorized paid leave from three days to seven for those observing the Jewish holy days of New Year, the Days of Atonement, and Passover, and also for those observing the Islamic holy days of the Muslim New Year.
The party's youth wing has called for the show in Kuala Lumpur late next month to be scrapped, because it clashes with a religious holiday - Awal Muharram, start of the Muslim New Year.
Saddam Hussein on March 4 marked the Muslim new year with an appeal to Iraqis and other Muslims to join a jihad against the US.
Iraqiofficials agreed with the inspectors that Friday would be taken as a day off because three missiles were destroyed on Tuesday, which was the Muslim New Year.
Saddam Hussein marks the Muslim new year with an appeal to Iraqis to join a jihad against the US.
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