Mustafa Kemal Pasha

Kemal Pasha, Mustafa:

see Atatürk, KemalAtatürk, Kemal
, 1881–1938, Turkish leader, founder of modern Turkey. He took the name in 1934 in place of his earlier name, Mustafa Kemal, when he ordered all Turks to adopt a surname; it is made up of the Turkish words Ata and Türk [father of the Turks].
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References in periodicals archive ?
The exhibition opens with the paintings by Wilhelm Viktor Krausz who was sent to the frontlines of ystanbul and Ecanakkale as a war artist and painted portraits of many prominent figures including Sultan Mehmed ReE-ad, Sadrazam Said Halim Pasha, E[currency]eyhE-lislam Hayri Efendi, Minister of War Enver Pasha, Interior Minister Talat Pasha and most importantly the first known portrait of Mustafa Kemal Pasha.
Vice President Ansari, who is presently on a five-day visit to Turkey, while signing in Golden Book at Ataturk Mausoleum here today opined that the ideals symbolized by Mustafa Kemal Pasha continue to inspire secular, liberal and democratic people the world over.
President Zardari later wrote remarks in a special note book placed at the site stating, It is a great honour for me to pay homage to Ghazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha, an illustrious soldier, a great reformer and a visionary statesman.
During World War I, he served as a colonel and worked under Mustafa Kemal Pasha during his assignments at the Caucasus and Palestine fronts.
For hours Mustafa Kemal Pasha discussed the merits of [a] proposition with the inner circle of his associates.
Then a modern republic of Turkey was set up by Mustafa Kemal Pasha, who became known as Ataturk (the father of the Turks) and imposed a Western-influenced secular ideology known as Kemalism and the concept of a nation-state called etatism - as opposed to the Islamic concept of "the Umma" (God's nation under a theocracy or caliphate).
The National Assembly passed a law restricting the use of this surname to "the person of the Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha.