Mustelidae


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Related to Mustelidae: Viverrids

Mustelidae

 

a family of small or medium-sized predatory mammals. The fur is thick and fluffy, with a fine, soft undercoat. These animals generally have an elongated and flexible body and a bushy tail. The claws are not retractile, and in many species the digits are webbed. Special anal glands release a fetid secretion. Mustelids are distributed throughout the world except for Australia, the antarctic, Madagascar, Iceland, and some small islands. There are five subfamilies, with 28 or 30 genera. Sixteen species, making up eight genera, are found in the USSR.

Short-tailed, or snow, weasels (Mustela nivalis), polecats, and martens—all of the subfamily Mustelinae—are active predators. Feeding primarily on mammals and birds, they have molars with sharp cutting ridges. These species are terrestrial, and some are good tree-climbers. Badgers of the subfamily Melinae have digits with strong claws adapted for digging burrows. Feeding on animal and vegetable food, they have molars with broad, flat crowns that serve for grinding food. The common otter and the sea otter, which are both of the subfamily Lutrinae, are aquatic mammals, with well-developed swimming webs. These otters feed on fish, mollusks, and other aquatic animals.

Almost all mustelids are commercially valued for their fur (especially sable and sea otter).

REFERENCES

Ognev, S. I. Zveri SSSR i prilezhashchikh stran. (Zveri Vostochnoi Evropy i severnoi Azii), vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1931.
Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2, part 1. Edited by V. G. Geptner and N. P. Naumov. Moscow, 1967.
I. I. SOKOLOV
References in periodicals archive ?
Revision of the Genera and Species of Mustelidae Contained in the British Museum.
En el presente estudio se encontraron frecuencias de 100% en animales clinicamente sanos de las familias Mustelidae y Ursidae (Cuadro 4).
RAI sorting is: red fox, cape hare, Himalayan ibex, snow leopard, Mustelidae species (Table II).
Mustelidae Eira barbara Galictis vitlata Lontra longicaudis Mustela frenala Fam, Procyonidae Nasua nasua Nasuella olivacea Potos flavus Procyon cancrivorus Fam.
Luego de los otaridos, la familia con mas publicaciones fue Mustelidae, con 32 (22,1%; Fig.
Fishers (Martes pennanti) are medium-sized carnivores of the family Mustelidae that are found in boreal and temperate coniferous and deciduous-coniferous forests across North America (Proulx and others 2004).
Olfactory communication is important to all members of the weasel family - Mustelidae - but for the typically solitary otter it is the primary form of communication.
Carnivore Species Scientific Name CITES Listing Canidae bush dog Speothos venaticus Appendix I maned wolf Chrysocyon brachyurus Appendix II pampas fox Pseudalopex gymnocercus Appendix II Mustelidae long-tailed otter Lontra longicaudus Appendix I giant otter Pteronura brasiliensis Appendix I Felidae jaguar Panthera onca Appendix I puma Puma concolor Appendix II ocelot Leopardus pardalis Appendix I margay Leopardus wiedii Appendix I oncilla Leopardus tigrina Appendix I jaguarundi Herpailurus vagouaroundi Appendix II Geoffroy's cat Oncifelis geoffroyi Appendix I pampas cat Oncifelis colocolo Appendix II Table 2.
The family Felidae, with eight species listed in CITES, had the highest number of records (815) followed by the families: Mustelidae (519), Canidae (208), Ursidae (156), Procyonidae (148), and Otariidae (93).
2002: Feeding habits and trophic niche overlap of two sympatric Mustelidae, the polecat Mustela putorius and the beech marten Martes foina.
2001), la nutria de rio (Lontra longicaudis) de la familia Mustelidae (Lucena et al, 2001) y el lobo chusco (Otaria flavescens) de la familia Otariidae (Pacheco et al, 2009).