Mutilation


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Mutilation

 

in Soviet criminal law, a type of crime committed for the purpose of evading a regular call to active military service (Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 80, part 2). In addition, it may be committed by a person subject to military service in order to evade training courses or military registration (Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 198–1, part 2), and it may be committed by a person in military service in order to evade the performance of military duties (Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 249).

Mutilation is accomplished by the infliction of bodily injury. The guilty person intentionally damages his own health—either by deliberately causing himself some physical injury (for example, by amputating an extremity or harming the organs of sight or hearing) or by unnaturally complicating an existing condition (for example, by irritating a wound). Another form of the crime is requesting or agreeing to the infliction of an injury by someone else; in such cases, those who inflict the harm are held to be accomplices.

The law equates other methods of evading military service with mutilation. Such methods include malingering, exaggerating the seriousness of a condition, forging documents or using other means of deception, and refusing to bear the obligations of military service.

Evasion of service by military personnel through mutilation or any other means carries the severe penalty of deprivation of freedom for a term of three to seven years. The same act committed in wartime or under combat conditions is punishable by death or deprivation of freedom for five to ten years. Mutilation for the purpose of evading a call to active service carries a sentence of deprivation of freedom for one to five years (Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 80, part 2). Mutilation in order to evade military training or registration is punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of up to three years (Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 198–1, part 2).

Mutilation

See also Brutality, Cruelty.
Mutiny (See REBELLION.)
Absyrtus
hacked to death; body pieces strewn about. [Gk. Myth.: Walsh Classical, 3]
Agatha, St.
had breasts cut off. [Christian Hagiog.: Attwater, 34]
Amazons
female warriors cut or burnt off their right breasts to prevent interference when drawing the bow. [Gk. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 29]
Atreus
slew his brother Thyestes’s sons and served them to their father at banquet. [Gk. Myth.: Jobes, 153]
Dagon
Philistine idol; falls, losing head and hands. [O.T.: I Samuel 5:1–4]
ear and knife
at Christ’s betrayal, Peter cut off soldier’s ear. [Christian Symbolism: N.T.: John 18:10]
Erasmus, St.
disemboweled, windlass used to wind entrails out of his body. [Art: Daniel, 95]
harem, the
besieged, the starving Janissaries cut off and eat a buttock from each woman, including Cunegonde, beloved of Candide. [Fr. Lit.: Voltaire Candide]
Jack the Ripper
(late 19th century) dissected his victims. [Br. Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 463]
Lavinia
her tongue is cut out to prevent her from testifying to the evil deeds she has witnessed. [Br. Lit.: Shakespeare Titus Andronicus]
Monkey’s Paw, The
short story in which mangled son is brought back to life as is to greedy, foolish old couple with three wishes. [Brit. Lit.: Benét, 511]
Philomela
violated by Tereus, king of Thrace; he cuts out her tongue to prevent her from revealing his conduct. [Gk. Myth.: Benét, 783]
Procrustes
made travelers fit bed by stretching or lopping off their legs. [Gk. Myth.: Zimmerman, 221]
Sinis
split victims by fastening them between two bent pines and then letting the pines spring upright. [Gk. Legend: Brewer Dictionary, 1005]
Tereus
cuts off Philomela’s tongue to prevent her telling he has raped her. [Gk. Myth.: Benét, 995]
References in classic literature ?
I know it is so; and I know it is not a mere natural disfigurement, like a criminal mutilation, or a hereditary disproportion in the features.
inflicted upon him a terrible and nameless mutilation.
What have I gained, that I no longer immolate a bull to Jove or to Neptune, or a mouse to Hecate; that I do not tremble before the Eumenides, or the Catholic Purgatory, or the Calvinistic Judgment-day,--if I quake at opinion, the public opinion, as we call it; or at the threat of assault, or contumely, or bad neighbors, or poverty, or mutilation, or at the rumor of revolution, or of murder?
When they heard Napoleon's proclamation offering them, as compensation for mutilation and death, the words of posterity about their having been in the battle before Moscow, they cried "Vive l'Empereur
Out came the sunset; but in spite of this heroic mutilation the editor of the Canadian Woman sent Averil's Atonement back so promptly that the indignant Diana declared that it couldn't have been read at all, and vowed she was going to stop her subscription immediately.
A fever, a mutilation, a cruel disappointment, a loss of wealth, a loss of friends, seems at the moment unpaid loss, and unpayable.
Shall we cry shame on the brutality of those who hamstring cattle: and spare the lights of Freedom upon earth who notch the ears of men and women, cut pleasant posies in the shrinking flesh, learn to write with pens of red-hot iron on the human face, rack their poetic fancies for liveries of mutilation which their slaves shall wear for life and carry to the grave, breaking living limbs as did the soldiery who mocked and slew the Saviour of the world, and set defenceless creatures up for targets
The killing of the elder Jenkins, shortly followed by that of his brother, the mutilation of James Murdoch, the blowing up of the Staphouse family, and the murder of the Stendals all followed hard upon one another in the same terrible winter.
Tell them of cruel scourgings, of mutilations and brandings, of scenes of pollution and blood, of the banishment of all light and knowl- edge, and they affect to be greatly indignant at such enormous exaggerations, such wholesale misstate- ments, such abominable libels on the character of the southern planters
His dulled senses wished him to swoon and he opposed them stubbornly, his mind portraying unknown dangers and mutilations if he should fall upon the field.
Mutilations come to them from every quarter, from within as well as from without.
There is not sufficient evidence to induce us to believe that mutilations are ever inherited; and I should prefer explaining the entire absence of the anterior tarsi in Ateuchus, and their rudimentary condition in some other genera, by the long-continued effects of disuse in their progenitors; for as the tarsi are almost always lost in many dung-feeding beetles, they must be lost early in life, and therefore cannot be much used by these insects.