Mutillidae


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Mutillidae

[myü′til·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The velvet ants, a family of hymenopteran insects in the superfamily Scolioidea.

Mutillidae

 

(velvet ants), a family of Aculeata. The males are winged, while the females are without wings and resemble ants. The body is highly chitinized. It is densely covered with black, red, golden, and white hairs, usually arranged in a spotted or banded pattern. There are about 3,000 species, which are distributed mainly in the tropics. The larvae parasitize the larvae of wasps and bees. Female Mutillidae invade the nests of insect hosts and deposit an egg on the adult larva. The Mutillidae larva then eats the host larva and pupates in its chamber. One species of Mutillidae parasitizes the pupae of the tsetse fly.

References in periodicals archive ?
Families of Collected at Collected at Number of Hymenoptera Hacienda Kiuic Specimens Collected Tabi Research Collected Station Scoliidae [check] 1 Xiphydriidae [check] 1 Formicidae [check] [check] 30 Vespidae [check] [check] 20 Apidae [check] [check] 27 Ichneumonidae [check] [check] 31 Sphecidae [check] [check] 24 Dryinidae [check] [check] 4 Pompilidae [check] [check] 4 Bradynobaenidae [check] [check] 3 Tiphiidae [check] [check] 6 Halictidae [check] [check] 9 Eucollidae [check] [check] 4 Bethyliidae [check] [check] 3 Ormyridae [check] [check] 2 Mutillidae [check] [check] 6 Braconidae [check] 7 Colletidae [check] 2 Scelionidae [check] 2 Chalcididae [check] 2 Torymidae [check] 1 Diapriidae [check] 1 Eucharitidae [check] 3 Evaniidae [check] 1 Andrenidae [check] 1 Sapygidae [check] 1
Leucospidae Leucospis affinis 12 Say Leucospis birkmani Brues Leucospis robertsoni 14 Crawford Leucospis slossonae 23 Weld Bethylidae Goniozus nigrifemur Ashmead Chrysididae Chrysis archboldi Kimsey Chrysis inaequidens 1 Dahlbom Tiphiidae Myzinum carolinianum 18 (Panzer) Myzinum dubiosum 26 Cresson Myzinum maculatum 2 (Fabricius) Paratiphia texana 7 Cameron Tiphia floridana 7 Robertson Mutillidae Dasymutilla pyrrhus 2 (Fox) Pseudomethoca sanbornii (Fox) Timulla ferrugata (Fabricius) Scoliidae Campsomeris plumipes 30 (Drury) Formicidae Brachymyrmex obscurior Forel Camponotus castaneus 1 (Latreille) Camponotus impressus 2 (Roger) Camponotus inaequalis Roger Camponotus nearcticus Emery Formica archboldi 1 M.
The Mutillidae are ectoparasitoids of larval instars and they usually attack the postdefecated larvae or pupae of other insects, generally aculeate Hymenoptera (Brothers et al.
1 1 -- Aphididae 19 9 5 9 Apoidea -- -- 1 1 Bibionidae 2 -- -- -- Cecidomyiidae 8 7 7 17 Chalcidoidea -- 4 3 2 Chironomidae -- 2 -- -- Cicadelidae 1 -- 1 -- Collembola 41 21 23 31 Cucujidae 1 -- -- -- Drosophilidea -- -- -- 2 Elateridae -- -- 1 -- Formicidae 35 26 6 42 Ichnueumonidae -- 1 -- -- Lepidoptera -- -- -- 2 Miridae 1 -- -- -- Muscidae 2 2 -- -- Mutillidae 1 -- -- -- Nematode -- 2 -- -- Phloeothripidae -- 1 1 -- Phoridae 2 3 2 2 Sciaridae (Bradysia spp.