Muzaffar ad-Din(mo͞ozäf-fär` äd-dēn`), 1853–1907, shah of Persia (1896–1907), son of Nasir ad-DinNasir ad-Din
, 1831?–1896, shah of Persia (1848–96). He and his able vizier, Mirza Taqi Khan, were responsible for shaking Persia from a long period of inertia.
..... Click the link for more information. . A weak ruler, he borrowed money from Russia and failed to oppose the encroachments of Russia and Great Britain on Persian sovereignty. Much disaffection arose among the people. After the revolutionary outburst of 1906, he was forced to agree to the convocation of a national assembly. He died soon after signing the long-awaited liberal constitution. He was succeeded by Muhammad Ali.