Muzaffar ad-Din

Muzaffar ad-Din

(mo͞ozäf-fär` äd-dēn`), 1853–1907, shah of Persia (1896–1907), son of Nasir ad-DinNasir ad-Din
, 1831?–1896, shah of Persia (1848–96). He and his able vizier, Mirza Taqi Khan, were responsible for shaking Persia from a long period of inertia.
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. A weak ruler, he borrowed money from Russia and failed to oppose the encroachments of Russia and Great Britain on Persian sovereignty. Much disaffection arose among the people. After the revolutionary outburst of 1906, he was forced to agree to the convocation of a national assembly. He died soon after signing the long-awaited liberal constitution. He was succeeded by Muhammad Ali.
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Ibnu Khalikan's historical report says that Ahly as-Sunnah version of the Prophet's birthday celebration was introduced in Egypt by Al-Malik Muzaffar Ad-Din Kukburi in 604 AH/1207 CE.