Muzio Clementi


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Clementi, Muzio

 

Born Jan. 23, 1752, in Rome; died Mar. 10, 1832, in Evesham, England. Pianist, teacher, composer, and conductor. Italian by nationality.

Clementi lived in England from 1766. He was a famous virtuoso pianist and teacher (his pupils included J. Cramer, I. Moscheles, and J. Field) and led the London school of piano technique. He spent many years in the early 19th century on the Continent (including Russia in 1802 and 1804–05). His piano works are his most valuable contribution to music. Clementi was one of the creators of the classical sonata form for piano. His études (the collection Gradus ad Parnassum) are still part of the contemporary pedagogic repertoire. Clementi synthesized his experience and knowledge as a performer and teacher in Method for the Piano (published in 1801; Russian translation, dementi’s Easy Method for Learning to Play the Piano, c. 1818). He owned several music publishing firms and a piano factory.

REFERENCES

Sokolov, F. “Mutsio Klementi i russkaia narodnaia pesnia.” Sovetskaia Muzyka, 1961, no. 1.
Paribeni, G. P. Muzio Clementi nella vita e nell’arte. Milan, 1921.

M. M. IAKOVLEV

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Obscurity long since claimed musicians Johann Peter Salomon, Muzio Clementi, John Cramer, Charles Neate, George Bridgetower; harp-maker Johann Stumpff; curator and publisher George Thomson; Berlin scholar Samuel Spicker; 'celebrated harper' and antiquary Edward Jones, and ex-stonemason, poet and laudanum addict Iolo Morgannwg (Edward Williams).
A Media Communications Center has been established by the Archdiocese of Philadelphia in the headquarters hotel, Hotel Dei Mellini, Via Muzio Clementi 81, Rome.
From there he has moved on to widen his field and in a recent recording (CDA 66808 000) he played four sonatas by Muzio Clementi (1752-1832): D Major, F sharp Minor, B Flat Major and B Minor.
17) Both Muzio Clementi and Ignace Joseph Pleyel also achieved success as composer-publishers.
By the early-19th century (1801), though, Muzio Clementi was writing, ".
The Smithsonian Chamber Players, for example, issued a recording called Music from the Age of Jefferson in the 1970s (Smithsonian Collection N002, LP) that included works of Johann Christian Bach and Muzio Clementi.