Muzio Clementi


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Clementi, Muzio

 

Born Jan. 23, 1752, in Rome; died Mar. 10, 1832, in Evesham, England. Pianist, teacher, composer, and conductor. Italian by nationality.

Clementi lived in England from 1766. He was a famous virtuoso pianist and teacher (his pupils included J. Cramer, I. Moscheles, and J. Field) and led the London school of piano technique. He spent many years in the early 19th century on the Continent (including Russia in 1802 and 1804–05). His piano works are his most valuable contribution to music. Clementi was one of the creators of the classical sonata form for piano. His études (the collection Gradus ad Parnassum) are still part of the contemporary pedagogic repertoire. Clementi synthesized his experience and knowledge as a performer and teacher in Method for the Piano (published in 1801; Russian translation, dementi’s Easy Method for Learning to Play the Piano, c. 1818). He owned several music publishing firms and a piano factory.

REFERENCES

Sokolov, F. “Mutsio Klementi i russkaia narodnaia pesnia.” Sovetskaia Muzyka, 1961, no. 1.
Paribeni, G. P. Muzio Clementi nella vita e nell’arte. Milan, 1921.

M. M. IAKOVLEV

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From there he has moved on to widen his field and in a recent recording (CDA 66808 000) he played four sonatas by Muzio Clementi (1752-1832): D Major, F sharp Minor, B Flat Major and B Minor.
The program consisted of classical Italian works by Luigi Cherubini; Gioacchino Rossini and Muzio Clementi, and a Philippine work by Redentor Romero.
17) Both Muzio Clementi and Ignace Joseph Pleyel also achieved success as composer-publishers.
By the early-19th century (1801), though, Muzio Clementi was writing, ".
His contemporary Muzio Clementi has fared rather better.
The Smithsonian Chamber Players, for example, issued a recording called Music from the Age of Jefferson in the 1970s (Smithsonian Collection N002, LP) that included works of Johann Christian Bach and Muzio Clementi.
A precollege student was preparing the first movement of Sonatina in F, Opus 36, by Muzio Clementi for local MTNA auditions.
Liszt's figurations are placed in comparison to those of Ludwig Berger, Muzio Clementi, Johann Baptist Cramer, Ferdinand Hiller, Daniel Steibelt, and others; the presence of works by those who have gone into (perhaps permanent) eclipse provides a broader-than-usual perspective on what, in Liszt's first version, was utterly typical (even derivative) figuration of the time.
Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Hans von Billow, Muzio Clementi, Johann Baptist Cramer, Dvorak, Grieg, Handel, Haydn, Liszt, Mendelssohn, Mozart, Anton Rubinstein, Saint-Saens, Domenico Scarlatti, Schumann, Tchaikovsky, Weber, and several other lesser-known composers.
Wheelock, opens with a discussion of the career of Muzio Clementi, whose commercial efforts changed the market for pianos from an elite upper class to the general public.
Twenty years ago, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (London: Macmillan, 1980), while acknowledging Tyson's work on other composers--his Thematic Catalogue of the Works of Muzio Clementi had been published in 1967 (Tutzing: Hans Schneider)--associated him chiefly with Ludwig van Beethoven.
He goes on to consider musical borrowings found in works by Muzio Clementi and Ludwig van Beethoven, as well as more subtle correspondences among works by a number of composers.