Mycoses


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Mycoses

 

diseases of humans and animals that are caused by parasitic fungi.

In humans The most common mycotic infections in humans are dermatomycoses. Some mycoses affect only humans and are transmitted from man to man or through infected utensils and apparel. Other mycotic infections are transmitted to humans by animals. Mycoses are classified according to which organs and tissues they infect. There are mycoses of the skin, hair, and nails (trichophytosis, microsporosis, favus); mycoses of the skin and nails (epidermophytosis, candidiasis); and mycoses of internal organs, that is, systemic mycoses (actinomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, blastomycosis). The development of mycosis in humans depends on the pathogenicity of the fungus, the defensive capabilities of the body and the infected organ, and environmental factors.

REFERENCE

Kashkin, P. N. Dermatomikozy, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1954.
In animals Livestock, fur-bearing and other carnivorous animals, rodents, bees, and fishes are susceptible to mycoses. The causative agents of mycoses, upon penetrating the body, produce specific pathological processes on the skin and its derivatives (such superficial mycoses as trichophytosis, microsporosis, and favus) and in internal organs (such systemic mycoses as lymphangitis, sporotrichosis, streptotrichosis, North American blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, and cryptococcosis). Superficial mycoses are ubiquitous; systemic mycoses are found predominantly in the Americas, Europe, and Asia.

REFERENCE

Spesivtseva, N. A. Mikozy i mikotoksikozy zhivotnykh, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1964.

N. A. SPESIVTSEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
The challenges associated with diagnosing these infections are well recognized; sensitivity of histopathology and cytology is low, and cross-reactions between the endemic mycoses are a particular concern with serologic testing (2-4).
Cutaneous/subcutaneous mycoses enter the skin and cutaneous tissue usually in a traumatized area (such as a wound); they usually remain localized, but can spread through the lymphatic vessels to other sites.
Econazole and miconazole have also been used intravenously, but absorbed levels are usually too low for treatment of systemic mycoses.
The authors of the study published in Mycoses had no financial conflicts to disclose.
Cutaneous mycoses are caused by a group of fungi which are capable of growing in the outer layers of the hair, skin and nails without involving the deeper tissues.
Superficial mycoses (systemic (fungal infections) normally are confined to the keratinized layer of the skin and its appendages.
Dimorphic systemic mycoses generally have regional environmental preferences.
During this period of 5 years, 43 cases of systemic mycoses endemic in this region (Paracoccidioidomycosis: 21 and Histoplasmosis: 22) and 78 cases of confirmed TB were diagnosed.
echinocandins) that have a novel mechanism of action have been introduced into clinical practice, but studies have yet to determine their exact role in the management of different mycoses.
The systemic mycoses as well as other mycoses have in common an inanimate reservoir.
The invention is useful in the diagnosis and treatment for diseases including mycoses.
A shortage is expected to occur in agents for treating systemic mycoses (the generalized or internal fungal infections).