Mycoses


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Mycoses

 

diseases of humans and animals that are caused by parasitic fungi.

In humans The most common mycotic infections in humans are dermatomycoses. Some mycoses affect only humans and are transmitted from man to man or through infected utensils and apparel. Other mycotic infections are transmitted to humans by animals. Mycoses are classified according to which organs and tissues they infect. There are mycoses of the skin, hair, and nails (trichophytosis, microsporosis, favus); mycoses of the skin and nails (epidermophytosis, candidiasis); and mycoses of internal organs, that is, systemic mycoses (actinomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, blastomycosis). The development of mycosis in humans depends on the pathogenicity of the fungus, the defensive capabilities of the body and the infected organ, and environmental factors.

REFERENCE

Kashkin, P. N. Dermatomikozy, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1954.
In animals Livestock, fur-bearing and other carnivorous animals, rodents, bees, and fishes are susceptible to mycoses. The causative agents of mycoses, upon penetrating the body, produce specific pathological processes on the skin and its derivatives (such superficial mycoses as trichophytosis, microsporosis, and favus) and in internal organs (such systemic mycoses as lymphangitis, sporotrichosis, streptotrichosis, North American blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, and cryptococcosis). Superficial mycoses are ubiquitous; systemic mycoses are found predominantly in the Americas, Europe, and Asia.

REFERENCE

Spesivtseva, N. A. Mikozy i mikotoksikozy zhivotnykh, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1964.

N. A. SPESIVTSEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Although the epidemiology of blastomycosis is not as well understood as that of the other mycoses endemic to North America, the incidence seems to be increasing in some states, including Illinois, Indiana, and Wisconsin (2).
Superficial mycoses (systemic fungal infections) normally are confined to the keratinized layer of the skin and its appendages.
Econazole and miconazole have also been used intravenously, but absorbed levels are usually too low for treatment of systemic mycoses.
The authors of the study published in Mycoses had no financial conflicts to disclose.
Revised definitions of invasive fungal disease from the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer/Invasive Fungal Infections Cooperative Group and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Mycoses Study Group (EORTC/MSG) Consensus Group.
Dimorphic systemic mycoses generally have regional environmental preferences.
A final section details the etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, immunology, clinical manifestations, treatment, and prevention of human mycoses.
65) Mycoses that are AIDS-defining in other regions of the world, e.
Azole compounds play a key role as antifungals in agriculture and in human mycoses and as nonsteroidal antiestrogens in the treatment of estrogen-responsive breast tumors in postmenopausal women.
The invention is useful in the diagnosis and treatment for diseases including mycoses.
Global Markets Direct's, 'Mycoses - Pipeline Review, H2 2012', provides an overview of the Mycoses therapeutic pipeline.
Arrangement is in sections on clinical practice in the tropics, viral diseases, bacterial infections, the mycoses, protozoal infections, helminthic infections, poisonous and toxic plants and animals, nutritional problems and deficiency diseases, vector transmission of diseases and zoonoses, the sick returning traveler, laboratory diagnosis of parasitic diseases, and drugs used in tropical medicine.