Myelitis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Myelitis: myositis, Transverse myelitis

myelitis

[‚mī·ə′līd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the spinal cord.
Inflammation of the bone marrow.

Myelitis

 

inflammation of the spinal cord.

Primary myelitides are caused by various neurotropic viruses; secondary myelitides are caused by infections, allergies, and injuries. The inflammation is rarely isolated to the spinal cord; the sheath of the spinal cord and the nerve roots are also often affected. Primary focal myelitis develops in acute form and is characterized by elevation in temperature, pain, and disturbances of nervous-system function. Death of nerve cells results in flaccid paralyses, segmental disturbance of sensitivity, and spastic pareses; pelvic disturbances (urinary or fecal incontinence or retention) are not uncommon. Bedsores, edema, and hyperhidrosis are often encountered.

Treatment includes vitamin therapy and administration of antibiotics and desensitizing agents; orthopedic packs are suggested to relieve paralysis. Treatment during the period of myelitis sequelae includes massage, exercise, balneotherapy, and administration of stimulants.

L. O. BADALIAN

References in periodicals archive ?
For the new study, the UNSW team analysed the scientific literature on acute flaccid myelitis.
The coexistence of NMOSD and pSS is increasingly being reported, and most cases present with optic neuritis or transverse myelitis, making them more easily recognizable.
Notes from the field: acute flaccid myelitis among persons aged <21 years--United States, August 1-November 13, 2014.
Second, because of the clinical similarity between AFM and other neurologic conditions such as idiopathic transverse myelitis and acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy subtype of Guillain-Barre syndrome, cases might be misdiagnosed and not reported to state and local health departments.
The family didn't write Acute Flaccid Myelitis was the cause of death, but the rare condition has affected 89 patients in 33 states, according to the (http://www.
Transverse myelitis is caused by a respiratory virus and is more common in people with weak immune system, like diabetics, the elderly, those with autoimmune diseases or HIV, Reyes explained.
Things that they call meningoencephalitis, which is an inflammation of the brain and the covering around the brain, spinal cord damage due to what we call myelitis," he said.
The success of the Glaswegian, who contracted Transverse Myelitis - a disease affecting the spinal cord - aged 13, has not gone unnoticed, with the Murray family taking particular interest.
We report a case of NMO who developed ARF related to cervical myelitis, which was refractory to pulse dose steroid therapy, but resolved with plasmapheresis.
They discuss the history of viral infections of the central nervous system, the basics of virology, neuroepidemiology and the epidemiology of viral infections of the nervous system, the clinical approach to the syndromes of viral encephalitis, myelitis, and meningitis, laboratory diagnosis of viral infection, neuroimaging, viral neuropathogenesis, and the neuropathology of viral infections; DNA viruses like the herpes simplex virus, varicella-zoster, the Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, human herpesvirus 6, and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy; RNA viruses like West Nile and St.