dendritic cell

(redirected from Myeloid dendritic cell)
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Related to Myeloid dendritic cell: Plasmacytoid dendritic cell

dendritic cell

[den′drid·ik ¦sel]
(cell and molecular biology)
A specialized cell of the lymphoid reticuloendothelial system that presents antigens for detection by lymphocytes.
References in periodicals archive ?
The two distinct subsets of blood DCs, the CD11c expressing myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs), and the CD11c lacking plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) have distinct morphology and functions.
METHODS: We investigated circulating myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs) from five subjects and measured their responses, with or without coculture with autologous T cells, to two common EDCs, nonylphenol (NP) and 4-octylphenol (4-OP).
It is also known, based on in vitro studies, that toll-like receptor stimulation of human macrophages induces expression of the vitamin D receptor as well as an enzyme, CYP27B1, which converts 25-hydroxycholecalciferol into immunologically active 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol, which then induces expression of cathelicidin in myeloid dendritic cells and keratinocytes.