Myristica


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Related to Myristica: Myristica fragrans

Myristica

 

a genus of dioecious evergreen trees of the family Myristicaceae. The flowers are in racemose or umbellulate inflorescences. The fruit is a drupe. There are between 100 and 120 species of Myristica in the tropics of the Old World. The fruits of some species yield nutmeg and mace. The species most valued for yielding spices is the nutmeg tree (Myristica fragrans), which measures 9–12 m tall and has leathery leaves and light-yellow fragrant flowers. The yellow fruit is 6–9 cm long and has a fleshy pericarp containing a large seed with a branched, fleshy reddish aril. The nutmeg tree, which is native to the Molucca Islands, is cultivated in the tropics of both hemispheres. The seed, or nutmeg, and the dried aril, or mace, have a sharp, spicy flavor and a distinctive aroma. The spices are used in cooking and in the food-processing industry. The essential oils obtained from the plants are used in medicine (mainly in Oriental countries) and by the perfume and tobacco industries.

REFERENCE

The Wealth of India, vol. 6. New Delhi, 1962.

V. N. GLADKOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Malabaricone-A (MAL-A), a plant derived diarylnonanoid, purified from fruit rind of the plant Myristica malabarica, demonstrated prooxidant activity in leukemic cell lines, with cell death being via increased apoptosis (Manna et al.
The spices, Piper guinensis, (uziza), Xylopia aethiopicum (okada) and Myristica monodara (ehuru) dry seeds were also purchased from local markets in Port Harcourt and environs, all in Rivers State, Nigeria.
sajandi taimeleidudel (naiteks muskaatpahkli Myristica fragrance leid 13.
An analogy exists with nutmeg, from Myristica fragrans Houttuyn, which is used as a psychoactive drug and contains a number of aromatic ethers in the essential oil fraction, most notably myristicin (3-methoxy-4,5-methylenedioxysubstituted) and elemicin (3,4,5-trimethoxysubstituted).
Nutmeg is the dried, aromatic seed of the fruit of the nutmeg tree, myristica fragans.
Trees identified (by DWS) to genus included Garuga (Burseraceae), Calophyllum (Clusiaceae), Elaeocarpus (Elaeocarpaceae), Hernandia (Hernandiaceae), Ficus (Moraceae; at least five species, some of them emergent), and Myristica (Myristicaceae); those we identified to species included Barringtonia edulis (Barringtoniaceae) and Endospermum medullosum (Euphorbiaceae; often emergent).
43 The seed of Myristica fragrans of the Spice Islands yields nutmeg - but what spice is obtained from the same tree's fruit covering?
Nutmeg and mace are both made from myristica fragans.
D8, Myristica D3, Phytolacca D3, Pyrogenium D10, Rhus tox.
Machilin A isolated from Myristica fragrans stimulates osteoblast differentiation.