Myrtaceae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Myrtaceae: Rubiaceae

Myrtaceae

[mər′tās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Myrtales characterized by an inferior ovary, numerous stamens, anthers usually opening by slits, and fruit in the form of a berry, drupe, or capsule.

Myrtaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous, primarily evergreen plants. It includes trees, shrubs, and subshrubs. The simple leaves are opposite or, less commonly, alternate, glandular-punctate (glands producing essential oils), entire, and leathery. The regular, bisexual flowers usually are in inflorescenses. There are four or five sepals and the same number of petals; there are generally numerous stamens. The fruit may be a drupe, capsule, or berry.

There are approximately 100 genera, with 3,000 species, distributed primarily in tropical and subtropical regions—mainly in tropical America and Australia. Many species are found in Polynesia. In the USSR there are only cultivated species (eucalyptus, myrtle). Many species yield edible fruits, such as guava and feijoa; others, particularly certain species of eucalyptus, provide valuable lumber. Essential oils and spices are obtained from the clove tree and the cajuput tree; other species yield medicinal substances.

References in periodicals archive ?
Nas Myrtaceae em geral, a abertura das flores ocorre no inicio da manha (entre 04:00 e 06:00, continuando viaveis ate o entardecer (Proenca e Gibbs, 1994; Fidalgo, 2002).
This tapetum type has been reported in other species of Myrtaceae (Baskorowati et al.
The Myrtaceae specimens used were marked and observed in situ until the period of flowering and fruiting, enabling the species to be identified.
Botanically it belongs to the family of Myrtaceae of the genus; Sygyzium and scientifically named as Sygizium aromaticum.
The most frequent pollen types of all propolis-producing regions were Asteraceae, Mimosoideae and Myrtaceae.
La prospeccion y colecta de materiales autoctonos son vias fundamentales para conservar ex situ la diversidad genetica existente en una region o pais, por lo que resulto una de las estrategias empleadas durante el establecimiento de la coleccion de Myrtaceae perteneciente hoy al Instituto de Investigaciones en Fruticultura Tropical (Gonzalez et al.
Myrtaceae es una familia conformada por 144 generos y 5744 especies [1], se encuentra distribuida en regiones tropicales, subtropicales y zonas templadas de Australia [2].