Mysia(redirected from Mysian)
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Mysia(mĭsh`ēə), ancient region, NW Asia Minor. It was N of Lydia and its coast faced Lesbos. Mysia was not a political unit, and it passed successively to Lydia, Persia, Macedon, Syria, Pergamum, and Rome.
an ancient country in northwestern Asia Minor located in the northwestern part of modern Turkey.
The population of Mysia included Mysians, Phrygians, Trojans, and Aeolians. Mysia was conquered in the seventh century B.C. by the Lydians, in the mid-sixth century by the Persians, and at the end of the fourth century by Alexander of Macedon.
In the second and third centuries B.C., Mysia became the most important part of the kingdom of Pergamum. In 133 B.C., Mysia was absorbed into the Roman province of Asia. In the late Roman period, Mysia became a separate province known as the Hellespont.