network computer

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Related to NC machine: Nano machine

network computer

(1) Any computer in the network.

(2) A platform for personal computers introduced in 1996 that never caught on. However, the concept was valid and has subsequently been embodied in Web-based applications. In 2011, Google introduced a 21st century replica of the network computer (see Chromebook).

The network computer (NC) was a "thin client" that downloaded all applications and data from the network and stored updated data back on the server. NCs were touted as "the" way to reduce costs due to centralized administration and lower-priced workstations. Its major proponents were Sun and Oracle, and Oracle subsidiary Network Computer Inc. licensed the specification for building compliant machines (see NCRP and Liberate).

Java-Based Machines
NCs ran stand-alone Java applications as well as Java applets from a browser. Several NCs were developed, running a compact operating system that was booted from the server along with the Java Virtual Machine (Java interpreter). Using Citrix software, NCs could also function like dumb terminals connected to a Windows NT or 2000 server.

What Happened?
Hyped as the death knell for Windows PCs, the price of PC hardware was dropping exponentially, and the cost difference between NCs and PCs quickly became negligible. In addition, Windows was heavily entrenched, and a new platform was not appealing to corporate IT managers. See thin client.

Not Making Inroads
After two years, the network computer was not making an impact; witness this 1998 column from the Philadelphia Inquirer. (Article headline courtesy of the Philadelphia Inquirer.)

Sun JavaStation NC
Sun was one of the first to introduce a network computer. (Image courtesy of Sun Microsystems, Inc.)

IBM Network Station
IBM's network computer provided both Web and mainframe connectivity. (Image courtesy of IBM.)

Wyse Winterm
Wyse offered a combo network computer and Windows terminal (see Winterm). (Image courtesy of Wyse Technology.)

References in periodicals archive ?
As the American Machinist inventory of metalworking equipment in the industry suggests, diffusion of NC machine tools is far from complete.
Numbers recorded on punched cards guided the movement of NC machines in cutting parts.
Its PMP output can be manipulated digitally for different shapes and styles and then used as input to NC machines to make shoe lasts or to digitally design shoe patterns.
NC program written in a notation called G-code is exported to the NC machine and the manufacturing process can begin.
The modelled volume equals to the origin steel part inside needed tolerances and so it can be used for the producing of new part by means of NC machine.
Numerical Control technology--NC--is the direct descendent of the world's first NC machine tool demonstrated by the Servo Mechanisms Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Boston in September 1952.
Instead of moving these heavy castings back and forth between the NC machine and CMM and taking so much time, why not just shoot relevant portions of the CMM program over to the CNC machine and measure it there.
Incorporating information about material, tolerances, and geometries, as well as rules concerning their application to manufacturing, into CAM systems may assist NC machine automation.
This program generates cutter paths for both three- and five-axis NC machine tools.
V6R2009x delivers a fully-integrated automotive body-in-white weld point management solution for easier collaboration between engineering and manufacturing as well as OEMs and their suppliers, a virtual NC machine simulation capability that extends out DELMIA V6's NC machining portfolio, as well as robotic workcell and related motion path definition capabilities.
The present paper therefore aims to present some considerations and experimental results concerning the factors influencing the precision obtained by laser cutting steel sheet parts on NC machine tools.