Also found in: Financial, Acronyms, Wikipedia.


(NCR Corporation, Dayton, OH, A technology company specializing in financial terminal transactions, retail systems and data warehousing. Until the late 1990s, NCR was heavily invested in the hardware side of the industry, known worldwide as a major manufacturer of computers and financial terminals. The sale of its computer hardware manufacturing assets in 1998 signaled the company's shift towards solutions and services offered to business customers. NCR's long and illustrious history began in 1884 when John Henry Patterson purchased National Manufacturing Company of Dayton, Ohio, and renamed it National Cash Register. It became the leading cash register company and, by 1911, had sold its one millionth machine.

Starting in the 1930s, NCR made accounting machines that posted customer accounts and became successful in the banking and retail industries, in which it has remained ever since.

In 1957, it introduced the "304" transistorized computer. It accepted data from NCR cash registers and banking terminals via paper tape. The 304 was very reliable and widely accepted.

NCR computer lines included the Century series (1960s), Criterion series (1970s) and the V and I series (1980s). Starting in 1982 with the Unix- and Motorola 68000-based Tower series, NCR embraced open systems and industry standards. In 1990, the x86-based System 3000 series was introduced, a complete line from desktops to massively parallel machines running DOS, Windows and OS/2 at the low end and Unix at the high end.

In 1991, AT&T acquired the company and ran it as a wholly owned subsidiary, renaming it AT&T Global Information Systems (AT&T GIS) in early 1994. The NCR name did remain on ATM and POS terminals as well as microelectronics and business forms. In 1996, AT&T GIS was spun off of AT&T, renamed NCR, and it became an independent company once again. As the new millennium arrived, NCR focused on its ATM business and its leading edge in enterprise data warehousing from its Teradata division ( At the end of 2007, NCR and Teradata officially separated into two different corporations.

John H. Patterson
Patterson was the consummate salesman and built a small empire as machinery was first introduced into the commercial world at the end of the 19th century. (Image courtesy of NCR Corporation.)

An Early Cash Register
These were marvelous machines when first introduced, because they could tally the day's receipts automatically. (Image courtesy of NCR Corporation.)

The NCR 304
Introduced in 1957, the 304 was NCR's first computer. Using paper tape from NCR cash registers as input, it was very reliable and widely accepted. (Image courtesy of NCR Corporation.)

In 1962, these Card Random Access Units were made available with NCR's 315 computer system. They offered reliable direct access storage during the 1960s. (Image courtesy of NCR Corporation.)
References in periodicals archive ?
In order to help businesses take full advantage of their migration to the powerful Windows 2000 environment, NCR will offer a range of Microsoft lifecycle services.
DAYTON, Ohio -- Just 12 months after finalizing its agreement with NCR Corporation (NYSE:NCR), Banca Popolare di Vicenza has announced that it has fully achieved its goal to improve the availability of the bank's automated teller machine (ATM) channel.
NCR's ability to efficiently integrate this new technology and workflow into our current check-processing operations and archive was a critical element in our decision to select NCR.
A 27-year veteran of NCR, Walter will be responsible for strategic alliances, mergers and acquisitions, and industry analyst relations as it relates to NCR's self-service businesses.
The orders are comprised of NCR Personas ATMs, Intelligent "No Envelope" Deposit technology and second-line maintenance services.
We are excited to be able to offer this innovative new NCR technology to our customers," said Walter Schonfeld, president of Appleton's Technical Papers Division.
Our retail and hospitality business will benefit from Dan's deep market expertise and general management experience," said NCR Chief Executive Officer Bill Nuti.
NCR provides innovative technologies such as self-checkout/check-in systems and self-service kiosks to companies worldwide.
The package, NCR RFID Retail Compliance, provides companies with all the components needed to install and implement an RFID tagging solution in a matter of hours.
Panera has completed installation of the NCR RealPOS solution in over 100 locations nationwide.
As the world's leading provider of self-service and back-office technology, NCR is uniquely positioned to quickly provide its consulting and deployment expertise to small and large financial institutions looking to benefit from this cost-saving and enhanced customer service application.
As stewards of public funds, we feel confident that the NCR solution provides the greatest value and will maximize our investment over the long term.