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Perhaps the most fascinating member of the cluster is NGC 1316, a galaxy that has experienced a dynamic history, being formed by the merger of multiple smaller galaxies.
A massive new image of the Fornax Galaxy Cluster has revealed a system of delicate loops, arcs and rings in the NGC 1316, a lenticular galaxy in this cluster.
Farther afield, yet still part of the Fornax Cluster, NGC 1316 is the group's brightest galaxy.
ASSA Top-100 Deep-Sky Objects n Object 1 NGC 55 2 NGC 104, 47 Tuc 3 NGC 247 4 NGC 246 5 NGC 253, Silver Coin 6 NGC 288 7 SMC 8 NGC 362 9 M77, NGC 1068 10 NGC 1261 11 NGC 1291 12 NGC 1316 13 NGC 1365 14 NGC 1535 15 NGC 1851 16 LMC 17 M79, NGC 1904 18 M42, Orion Nebula 19 NGC 1977 20 NGC 2070, Tarantula 21 M41, NGC 2287 22 NGC 2362, Tau CMa 23 M47, NGC 2422 24 M46, NGC 2437 25 NGC 2451 26 M93, NGC 2447 27 NGC 2477 28 NGC 2516 29 NGC 2547 30 M48, NGC 2548 31 IC 2391 32 NGC 2808 33 NGC 2818 34 IC 2488 35 NGC 3114 36 NGC 3115, Spindle 37 NGC 3132, Eight-Burst 38 NGC 3201 39 NGC 3242 40 IC 2581 41 NGC 3293 42 NGC 3324 43 IC 2602, South.
Its neighbor galaxy NGC 1316 has a more sordid past: It's a cannibal.
NGC 1316 is slightly elongated in a north-east to south-west direction.
Two appeared in NGC 1316, a galaxy better known as Fornax A, a strong radio galaxy near the centre of the Fornax cluster.
Large galaxies usually have no more than three supernovas blow up in a century, but the nearby galaxy NGC 1316 has had two such explosions within the past 5 months and four in the past 26 years.
Apparently, NGC 1316 swallowed a dusty spiral galaxy relatively recently and hasn't fully digested it yet.
I can think of many notable omissions from Caldwell's list: open clusters NGC 3114, 3293, and 6067; globular clusters NGC 2808, 6388, 6441, and 6723; bright nebulae NGC 281, 2174, and 2467, and IC 4628; planetary nebulae NGC 1360, 1535, 2440, and 5189, and IC 4406; and galaxies NGC 1316, 1399, 1553, and 7793, as well as both Magellanic Clouds.
NGC 1316, otherwise known as Fornax A, is a multifaceted astronomical enigma: a source of relativistic plasma jets that produce copious radio waves; a distended galaxy with faint starry shells and convoluted dust lanes; and a cosmic X-ray emitter.
Deep photographs show faint loops of nebulous material extending from NGC 1316 and engulfing NGC 1317, an 11th-magnitude galaxy 6' to the north.