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(jĭn'jəvī`tĭs), inflammation of the gums. It may be acute, subacute, chronic, or recurrent. The gums usually become red, swollen, and spongy, and bleed easily. Chronic gingivitis is the usual form, resulting from irritating bacteria or debris, food impaction, or poor dental restoration. It can also accompany vitamin C deficiency or metabolic disturbances such as diabetes. If left untreated, it can lead to the more serious pyorrheapyorrhea
, inflammation and degeneration of the gums and other tissues surrounding the teeth. The onset of the disease is marked by bleeding of the gums. As the disease proceeds, the gums recede from the teeth, loosening of the teeth occurs, and the bone supporting the teeth is
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, with gum destruction and loosening of teeth. Trench mouthtrench mouth,
common term for Vincent's infection, an ulcerative membranous infection of the gums and mouth, by noncontagious infection, associated with a fusiform bacillus and a spirochete.
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, an ulcerative infection of the gums and mouth, is sometimes referred to as a form of gingivitis.



a disease of the gums characterized by inflammation, dystrophy, and so on.

Gingivitis may develop from the action of unfavorable external factors on the gum tissues (intoxication with lead, manganese, bismuth, or other toxins), but may also be a manifestation of the irritation of the body’s local or general reactivity. Under the action of harmful factors on the mucous membrane of the gum, first the gingival papilla and then neighboring portions of the mucosa become inflamed. Bleeding and soreness of the gums appears. With prolonged action of harmful factors, a destructive process may develop—the formation of ulcers or erosions on the gingival mucosa. When necrotic sections appear as a result of intoxication, the general condition of the body declines, body temperature rises, and the patient suffers from headache, weakness, excessive perspiration, insomnia, and a putrid odor from the mouth. Gingivitis has a tendency toward frequent exacerbations, which arise simultaneously with the aggravation of any disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Treatment is directed toward removing the basic disease and harmful factors. Gingivitis can be prevented by cleaning the teeth without fail, systematic removal of dental plaque, and timely treatment of the teeth and the mucosa of the oral cavity.


Rukovodstvo po terapevticheskoi stomatologii. Edited by A. I. Evdokimov. Moscow, 1967.



Inflammation of the gingiva.


inflammation of the gums
References in periodicals archive ?
AAA, an NTIMC member organization in the process of ratifying the NUG, is launching a public education campaign to promote driver awareness of move-over laws and other ways that motorists can prevent secondary incidents.
The NUG addresses three themes: safe, quick clearance; safe responders; and prompt, reliable incident communications.
The NUG, headed by Dr Shaikh Abdullatif Al Mahmood, has been a keen supporter of calls for a national dialogue and fresh reforms.
Addressing a press conference here, Wali Massoud accused the NUG of failing to implement the political agreement inked by the top leaders of the unity administration, saying the security situation in the country is deteriorating and the 'corruption mostly inside the government has reached its boiling point,' local media quoted Massoud as saying.
Under this agreement, FES retained the price risk for the portion of the load obligations not supplied by MetEd and PenElec's contracts with NUGs and other unaffiliated suppliers.
In the wake of Jamiat's meeting on Saturday party leaders expressed their views on a number of key issues in the political spheres and good governance in the country, but accused NUG leaders of failing to implement their commitments.
He lauded the idea of forming the NUG, and said, "God willing, the national unity government will find its true and real shape since establishment of real unity among tribes and officials in the only real solution to the problems of Afghanistan.
The three-man NUG delegation also met president of Cairo's Al Azhar University Shaikh Ahmed Mohammed Al Taib.
Reacting to a statement by MPs calling for the national dialogue to be held in parliament, the NUG asserted mechanisms for constitutional amendments be made through the National Assembly.
Aware of the extent of its responsibility, he said, the NUG is committed to take up major challenges it faces in a spirit of dialogue and broad consultations with all active forces of the nation.
The event emphasises the eagerness of residents in my constituency to have an active role in the NUG," he said.
Besides, the Government spokesman said that, as part of the decisions taken by the first NUG Cabinet meeting on compensations to be offered to families of martyrs of the People's Revolution, the injured and victims of the recent events, among the small craftsmen and tradesmen, as well as within the framework of follow-up of the mechanisms examined Monday during the inner Cabinet meeting, it has been decided to put into effect the decisions taken through the following measures: