Nabonidus


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Related to Nabonidus: Nebuchadnezzar II

Nabonidus

(năbənī`dəs), d. 538? B.C., last king of the Chaldaean dynasty of Babylonia. He was not of NebuchadnezzarNebuchadnezzar
, d. 562 B.C., king of Babylonia (c.605–562 B.C.), son and successor of Nabopolassar. In his father's reign he was sent to oppose the Egyptians, who were occupying W Syria and Palestine. At Carchemish he met and defeated (605 B.C.
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's family, and it is possible that he usurped the throne. He was absorbed in antiquarian and religious speculations, and he built temples while the state was left undefended. He was unpopular with both the priests and the people. When the Persian threat of Cyrus the GreatCyrus the Great
, d. 529 B.C., king of Persia, founder of the greatness of the Achaemenids and of the Persian Empire. According to Herodotus, he was the son of an Iranian noble, the elder Cambyses, and a Median princess, daughter of Astyages.
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 grew strong, Nabonidus allied himself with CroesusCroesus
, d. c.547 B.C., king of Lydia (560–c.547 B.C.), noted for his great wealth. He was the son of Alyattes. He continued his father's policy of conquering the Ionian cities of Asia Minor, but on the whole he was friendly to the Greeks, and he is supposed to have given
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 of Lydia and Amasis IIAmasis II,
d. 525 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (569–525 B.C.), of the XXVI dynasty. In a military revolt he dethroned Apries. He erected temples and other buildings at Memphis and Saïs and encouraged Greek merchants and artisans to settle at Naucratis.
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 of Egypt, but to no avail. In 538 B.C. the kingdom fell to Cyrus with no resistance. Nabonidus' scholars preserved information valuable to modern archaeologists. Cuneiform records indicate that BelshazzarBelshazzar
, according to the Bible, son of Nebuchadnezzar and last king of Babylon. The Book of Daniel relates that, at his feast, handwriting appeared on the wall. Daniel interpreted it as a prophecy of doom; that night Babylonia fell to the otherwise unknown Darius the Mede.
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 was Nabonidus' son and his coregent during the last years of Babylon.

Nabonidus

 

the last Babylonian king; ruled from 556 to 539 B.C. An Aramaean by origin, Nabonidus strove to unite all the Aramaean tribes of Southwest Asia into a single state to wage a struggle against Persia. In the course often years, he conquered Taima and other regions of Arabia and left his son Belshazzar as vicegerent in Babylon. Nabonidus carried out religious reforms and patronized the cult of the moon god Sin. Babylon fell to the Persians in the autumn of 539 B.C., and Nabonidus was taken prisoner.

References in periodicals archive ?
It seems that Marduk feels neglected and so causes the fall of Nabonidus and his kingdom.
Zawadzki, "Building Projects North of Sippar in the Time of Nabonidus," regarding public work in Sippar; B.
In the time of King Nabonidus, who left Babylon to take up residence in exile here, there was plentiful of water in the form of a shallow lake to the north of the town.
Two inscribed monuments found at Harran detail the influence of the Moon god's emporium on King Nabonidus of Babylon (555-539 B.
The Prayer of Nabonidus has long been known since Milik published it in preliminary form in 1956.
Bethel: Kelso (1993: 194) believes that the city prospered in the seventh century, until the time of Nabonidus or even the Persian period.
The Babylonian king Nabonidus, who was defeated and deposed by Cyrus, is denounced as an impious oppressor of the people of Babylonia and his low-born origins are implicitly contrasted to Cyrus's kingly heritage.
In the first place, Hogan provides a close analysis of the Prayer of Nabonidus and argues convincingly from philological and contextual evidence that the Jewish figure mentioned is not an exorcist but a messenger sent to direct Nabonidus to praise the Most High.
Unlike the public quarrel that the later Nabonidus had with his Neo-Babylonian court diviners, there is no obvious argument in Esarhaddon's inscription, no engagement with a counter-claim or an apology for otherwise unusual interpretations.
The cylinder was produced soon after Cyrus, king of Persia, conquered the last Babylonian king, Nabonidus, in 539 BCE.
Paul-Alain Beaulieu, The Reign of Nabonidus, King of Babylon (556-539 BC) (New Haven: Yale Univ.