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an underground revolutionary newspaper published in St. Petersburg from March through May 1878. Four numbers were issued. Circulation, 500.

The publishers of the newspaper were A. A. Astaf ev, L. K. Bukh, N. K. Bukh, A. I. Ventskovskii, I. A. Golovin, and V. V. Lutskii, all Populist-Bakuninists not affiliated with any organization. L. K. Bukh was the actual editor; N. E. Karonin-Petropavlovksii was also a member of the editorial staff. Among the contributors to the newspaper were P. V. Zasodimskii and E. S. Fedorov.

Proclaiming itself a nonpartisan organ of Russian socialists, Nachalo set as its goal “the criticism of the existing social system.” The newspaper reported about events of the liberation movement in Russia and the socialist movement in the West, discussed the conditions of political exiles, told of repressions by the government, and polemicized with the liberal press. The articles of Nachalo were reprinted by V. Bogucharskii in The Revolutionary Journalism of the Seventies (1905).

References in periodicals archive ?
Gibianski, "Problemy Vostochnoi Evropy i nachalo formirovania Sovetskogo bloka [Problems of Eastern Europe and the Start of the Soviet Bloc Formation]" in Kholodnaya voina.
Ostrigala kosata si [La tete rasee shte se prevarnesh var nachalo Tu redeviendras commencement ot koeto tragvat 3 zmii -- Qui donne naissancea 3 serpents - - jartieri s nova marka -- tyalo.
Mikhail Beizer, "Petrogradskaia evreiskaia obshchina v 1917 godu," in Istoricheskie sud'by evreev v Rossii i SSSR: nachalo dialoga (sbornik statei), vol.