Nadir Shah

Nadir Shah

or

Nader Shah

(both: nä`dēr shä), 1688–1747, shah of Iran (1736–47), sometimes considered the last of the great Asian conquerors. He was a member of the Afshar tribe. Although taken prisoner by the Uzbeks while he was still a child, he escaped and entered the service of the governor of Khorasan. There he earned a reputation for bravery. He then entered the service of Tahmasp, the son of Shah Sultan HusaynSultan Husayn
, d. 1729, Safavid shah of Persia (1694–1722). A weak and superstitious man, Shah Sultan Husayn was surrounded by astrologers and fanatics and was able to offer little opposition to the uprising of the Afghans.
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, who was asserting his claims against the Afghans under Mahmud, who had usurped the Persian throne. Nadir took the name Tahmasp Kuli Khan [Tahmasp's slave] and proceeded to win a series of battles against the Afghans. Decisively beaten, they retired to Kandahar, and Tahmasp was restored to the rule over Iran. Nadir, however, was the powerful figure of the realm. He warred against the Turks successfully, and when the shah turned victory to disaster by a conciliatory peace, Nadir in 1732 deposed him. Tahmasp's infant son Abbas III was placed on the throne with Nadir as regent. The conquests continued, and the western boundary was restored to what it had been before the Afghan invasions. In 1736 Nadir deposed Abbas and himself became shah, thus ending the rule of the SafavidSafavid
, Iranian dynasty (1499–1736), that established Shiite Islam in Iran as an official state religion. The Safavid state provided both the territorial and societal foundations of modern Iran.
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 dynasty. He attempted to weld Iran and the Ottoman Empire by unifying the Shiites and Sunnis. This led to much dissatisfaction in Shiite Iran, and the plan was discarded. In 1738–39 Nadir invaded MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 India. He was brilliantly successful, taking and sacking Delhi and Lahore and carrying off vast treasure, including the Koh-i-noor diamond and the Peacock Throne. He also continued his conquests in other directions. Bukhara was subdued, and the limits of Iran were extended to the greatest that they had been since the days of the Sassanids. War with the Turks occupied his attention from 1743 to 1746. Nadir's later years were darkened by a turn toward tyranny, suspicion, and greed. So much did he fear opposition that he had his own son blinded. In 1747, during a campaign against rebellious Kurds, Nadir Shah was assassinated by officers of his own guard. Although the dynasty he founded, the Afshar dynasty (1736–49), was short-lived, Nadir is generally regarded as one of the greatest of all rulers of Persia.

Bibliography

See study by L. Lockhart (1938, repr. 1973).

References in periodicals archive ?
A court framed charges against Ubaid alias K-2 and Nadir Shah in a case of murdering of two police officers.
It wasn't that far for the invader Nadir Shah, and in the present context, hopefully it won't be a step too far for the Clean India movement.
He said he had asked the RO for recounting of votes but the activists of opponent candidate, Nadir Shah manhandled him.
At a meeting held to launch Takaful's new insurance programs (Dirie), Saqr Nadir Shah, CEO of the company, said they ensured the meeting of financial needs of families in the event of the passing away of the breadwinner.
Those produced in the court included Faisal Mahmood alias Mota, Farhan Shabir alias Mula, Nadir Shah, Amir Saleem, Imtiaz Hussain, Nadeem, Taazeem Raza, Abdul Qadir, Amir, Muhammad Ahmed, Shakeel, Taazeen, Mahmood Hussain, Deputy Director KMC, Ubaid K2, Sajid, Muhammad Nauman, Asif, Abdul Haseeb, Zubair, Muhammad Naeem, Faizan, Mumtaz Ansari, Wajih-ur-Rehman and Syed Rizwan who were brought into the court aimed tightened security arrangements.
Her husband, Nadir Shah, was a taxi driver who was shot dead by unknown assailants.
Also a lot of collateral agreements and treaties that were signed in the period or letters that were written by the Nadir to Ottoman state, stressed the rightfulness of three caliphs and verbal reprimanded the verbal abusive of them, but their names are associated with polite phrases, such that in the letter of King Nadir Shah to Sultan Mahmoud Khan the phrase of "va A'al-e-Athar al-Akhyar and great companions" is seen And also in the beginning of the letter of King Nadir to Ottoman state, it is seen "peace be upon Mohammad and his holy family and his companions", and also there are some instances that he has tried to stop the Shiite actions and behaviors and some of his behavior have seen on following the Sunni religion.
Syed Nadir Shah Bahar, lawmaker from Ghor province, said people backed reforms and anonymity team and they demanded the construction of Gardan Diwar Road and a dam.
Back in the 1750s, the diamond had been plundered from the Moghuls at the Red Fort in India by the Persian warlord Nadir Shah.
On Sunday evening, two policemen were killed and five others wounded when a police mobile was struck by an IED in Nadir Shah Kot district of eastern KHost province, official confirmed earlier on Monday.
In March the BCB banned international umpire Nadir Shah for 10 years after a sting operation by an Indian TV channel found him apparently willing to fix matches for cash.
In a statement issued on Saturday, BGSA leaders including the Chairman Abdul Razzaque Khan Khilji, Vice Chairman Elections Abdul Quddoos Khan, Executive Officer Munir Ahmed Baloch, General Secretary Muhammad Abdullah Khan Kakar, Joint Secretary Shah Zaman Kakar, Secretary Finance Mazhar Ali Hashmi and the presidents of different zones congratulated Nasir Ahmed Baloch, Abdul Nabi, Syed Nadir Shah and Munir Ahmed Baloch on their promotion to the post of Deputy Director in Water Resources Directorate of Irrigation.