Nag Hammadi


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Nag Hammadi

(näg hä`mädi), a town in Egypt near the ancient town of Chenoboskion, where, in 1945, a large cache of gnostic texts in the Coptic language was discovered. The Nag Hammadi manuscripts, dating from the 4th cent. A.D., include 12 codices of tractates, one loose tractate, and a copy of Plato's Republic—making 53 works in all. Originally composed in Greek, they were translated (2d–3d cent. A.D.) into Coptic. Most of the texts have a strong Christian element. The presence of non-Christian elements, however, gave rise to the speculation that gnosticism, which taught salvation by knowledge, was not originally a Christian movement. Until the texts' discovery, knowledge of Christian gnosticism was confined to reports and quotations of their orthodox opponents, such as Irenaeus and Tertullian. Among the codices are apocalypses, gospels, a collection of sayings of the resurrected Jesus to his disciples, homilies, prayers, and theological treatises.

Bibliography

See E. H. Pagels, The Gnostic Gospels (1979); K. Rudolph, Gnosis (1983); B. Layton, The Gnostic Scriptures (1987); J. M. Robinson, The Nag Hammadi Library in English (1988).

References in periodicals archive ?
The riots followed an attack the previous night, in which three gunmen in a car sprayed automatic gunfire into a crowd leaving a church in Nag Hammadi, about 40 miles north of the ancient ruins of Luxor.
The Facsimile Edition of the Nag Hammadi Codices, Codex VI.
Oft ist das wirklich so geschechen, aber nicht immer--es gibt auch eine Reihe von Nag Hammadi Texte, die durch das Christentum nicht beeeinflusst sind.
THE NAG HAMMADI BINDINGS: OUT OF THE GROUND AND INTO THE FRAY
When the Gnostic texts were discovered at Nag Hammadi in 1945, a number of scholars began studying, translating and distributing the texts.
Hence also the gnostics' practice of reading the Scriptures symbolically; for example, one of the books unearthed at Nag Hammadi, On the Origin of the World, interprets Adam and Eve's recognition that they were naked not as an experience of shame, sexual or otherwise, but as the discovery that "'they were naked of spiritual understanding [gnosis].
The Nag Hammadi find would have made a bigger media splash if it had not been overshadowed by the far more significant discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls shortly afterward.
However, he is now generally credited as author of the Gospel of Truth discovered (in Coptic) in the trove of Gnostic texts found at Nag Hammadi (English versions, ed.
Troger utleb, et platonismi suur moju paljudele gnostikutele on valjaspool kahtlust ja toendatud ka Nag Hammadi tekstidega.
The Gospel of Thomas, along with fifty other sacred texts, was found in a jar in 1965 by an Egyptian villager in the hills of Nag Hammadi, Egypt.
Projects under execution include two 750 MW combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) units at Nubariya in the western Nile Delta between Cairo and Alexandria, a 750-MW addition to the Cairo North power complex, and smaller hydroelectric stations at Nag Hammadi and Asyut.
Groups of worshipers from this period of Christian history, and especially the Gnostics, have received continuing and even increased attention in the last thirty years, as scholars have begun to cope with the fertile and sometimes startling written material found in Egypt at Nag Hammadi in 1945.