Nag Hammadi


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Nag Hammadi

(näg hä`mädi), a town in Egypt near the ancient town of Chenoboskion, where, in 1945, a large cache of gnostic texts in the Coptic language was discovered. The Nag Hammadi manuscripts, dating from the 4th cent. A.D., include 12 codices of tractates, one loose tractate, and a copy of Plato's Republic—making 53 works in all. Originally composed in Greek, they were translated (2d–3d cent. A.D.) into Coptic. Most of the texts have a strong Christian element. The presence of non-Christian elements, however, gave rise to the speculation that gnosticism, which taught salvation by knowledge, was not originally a Christian movement. Until the texts' discovery, knowledge of Christian gnosticism was confined to reports and quotations of their orthodox opponents, such as Irenaeus and Tertullian. Among the codices are apocalypses, gospels, a collection of sayings of the resurrected Jesus to his disciples, homilies, prayers, and theological treatises.

Bibliography

See E. H. Pagels, The Gnostic Gospels (1979); K. Rudolph, Gnosis (1983); B. Layton, The Gnostic Scriptures (1987); J. M. Robinson, The Nag Hammadi Library in English (1988).

References in periodicals archive ?
Nevertheless, I will use them in a neutral sense in an attempt to group together similar ideas, practices and persons depicted in Nag Hammadi texts.
The riots followed an attack the previous night, in which three gunmen in a car sprayed automatic gunfire into a crowd leaving a church in Nag Hammadi, about 40 miles north of the ancient ruins of Luxor.
Sin poder entrar a fondo en esta problematica, me limito a senalar que parece legitima y oportuna la exigencia de un examen puntual de cada uno de los contextos historicos registrados por las fuentes antiguas, bien sean las noticias de los Padres de la Iglesia, o bien los documentos originales residuales, entre los cuales sobre todo los que hemos podido conocer por el descubrimiento de los trece codices coptos de Nag Hammadi.
Philip Rousseau revisits the long-running controversy surrounding the possible relationship between the codices discovered at Nag Hammadi and the nearby monasteries of Pachomius's federation, drawing on Michael William's analysis of the bibliographical organization of the individual Nag Hammadi codices.
This was one of the most epochmaking finds to be made in the Nile Valley, second only to the astonishing discovery of the Nag Hammadi corpus of texts in 1945 (Robinson 1972:1).
Aus einigen der Nag Hammadi Schriften geht hervor, dass deren Traditionsgeschichte auf dem Grund semitisch-aramaischer Worte und Wortspiele steht (Rudolph 2002:31, Bohlig 1967:115 ff.
Chapters are keyed to standard translations of Gnostic writings, including "The Nag Hammadi Scriptures: The International Edition" edited by Marvin W.
These paradoxes are illustrated through five case studies: the discovery of the Nag Hammadi bindings, approaches to the preservation of Auschwitz, the Danish cartoons depicting Muhammad, the destruction of the Bamiyan Buddhas, and the creation of a protective structure for the Hamar Cathedral ruins.
Evans is well qualified, having learned textual criticism, ancient languages, and early Christian history at Claremont Graduate University under the tutelage of such scholars as James Robinson, chair of the Nag Hammadi seminar; William Brownlee, one of the first scholars to study the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1948; and James Sanders, the leading proponent of the "New Perspective on Paul.
Dungan provides appendices on early Christian writings in Eusebius's Ecclesiastical History, on writings considered Scripture by a Christian group, on texts found at Nag Hammadi, and one that is a timeline of the figures and events mentioned in his text.
The movement received a strong impetus when a trove of documents discovered at Nag Hammadi, Egypt.
The recovery of a number of so-called gnostic texts, especially a major find in 1945, at Nag Hammadi, in Upper Egypt, of more than fifty of them, has changed that.