It is also important to acknowledge the long rivalry between the rural-based 30-million strong Nahdlatul Ulama
and the urban-based 25-million strong Muhammadiyah.
The first is held three times by the Nahdlatul Ulama
of East Java Province, respectively in Jombang, Lumajang and Sidoarjo, while the latter is conducted at Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta (Wahid, 1999: 119).
Augmenting this large-scale academic research, a separate team operating under the guidance of President Wahid consulted with top Indonesian leaders ranging from government ministers, political party heads, former military chiefs of staff, high-ranking Indonesian intelligence officials, central figures in the Nahdlatul Ulama
and Muhammadiyah, and other key leaders in the fields of religion, education, culture, government, business and the mass media, in order to ascertain the nature and extent of extremist infiltration in their respective areas of expertise.
Following the meetings in Europe, a smaller delegation from the Nahdlatul Ulama
, which is part of the interfaith alliance, went to Baghdad to urge Saddam Hussein to obey U.
In Indonesia, the world's most populous Muslim nation, Ulil Abshar-Abdalla, 35, is leading the moderate Nahdlatul Ulama
Indonesia's largest Muslim organization, Nahdlatul Ulama
(NU), has expressed support for Muslims carrying out suicide bombings as a last resort to defend their basic rights, the Jakarta Post said Monday.
About 11 million people in East Java are members of Nahdlatul Ulama
(NU), the country's largest Muslim organization with 40 million members nationwide that was once chaired by Wahid.
Masduqi Mahfudh, chairman of MUI's East Java chapter and a leader in Wahid-based Islamic organization Nahdlatul Ulama
, urged the public to follow the MUI call.
The turning point of his life came in 1984 when he became the Chairman of the Nahdlatul Ulama
, an Islamic group that deliberately cultivated an image separate from the Suharto regime.
Leader, Nahdlatul Ulama
and National Awakening Party
She is the author of numerous articles on Islam and democracy in Indonesia, and her book, Nahdlatul Ulama
and the Struggle for Power within Islam and Politics in Indonesia, is forthcoming next month from ISEAS press.
In remarks at the Nahdlatul Ulama
Interfaith Conference :Islam For Peace and Civilization ", which is held in Jakarta, His Majesty pointed to the Syrian crisis, where we are seeing the exploitation of sectarian divisions to justify violence and pursue power".