Nahdatul Ulama

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Nahdatul Ulama

 

(Muslim Teachers Party), a major Muslim bourgeois political party in Indonesia. Established as a religious organization in Surabaya in 1926, its initial purpose was the propagation of orthodox Islam and opposition to Muslim reform movements. From 1945 to 1952, it was affiliated with the Masjumi Party.

Most of the members of Nahdatul Ulama are low- and middle-level tradespeople, manufacturers, landowners, peasants, and artisans. The party’s official aim is the creation of a state founded on the principles of Islam. After the events of September 1965 in Indonesia, the leadership of Nahdatul Ulama became one of the bulwarks of anticommunism in the country. In 1973, on the recommendation of the government, Nahdatul Ulama merged with other Muslim parties (the Muslim Party of Indonesia, the Muslim Union of Indonesia, and the Movement for Muslim Education) into the Party of Unity and Development.

V. A. ZHAROV

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Attending the NU conference were members of Barisan Ansor Multipurpose Nahdlatul Ulama (Banser), an autonomous security unit within the movement, that confronts militants.
The majority of Indonesia's Muslim population practices a moderate form of Islam, and approximately 70 million belong to the moderate Muslim organizations Nahdlatul Ulama or Muhammadiyah.
Bank Muamalat Indonesia and Nahdlatul Ulama, an Islamic organisation in the nation, have signed a deal.
Although he failed to keep the traditionalist Nahdlatul Ulama on board, while also facing difficulties with 'fundamentalists', he managed to lead the party to victory in 1955--the last free elections until 1999.
Another luminary attending the event was Abdul Hamid Baidlowi, a cleric whose father helped found Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), the country's biggest Muslim organization, known for supporting tolerance and pluralism.
In Indonesia, the King delivered a speech at the Nahdlatul Ulama Interfaith Conference: "Islam for Peace and Civilisation.
Imam Shofwan, the son of a Muslim cleric of the country's biggest, 40-million-member Islamic organization Nahdlatul Ulama, launched the petition last week, calling on the ACF to postpone granting the award.
Abdurrahman Wahid -- known as Gus Dur -- was the chairman of Nahdlatul Ulama (the largest mainstream Muslim organization in Indonesia) and a former Indonesian president.
Andree Feillard's "The constrained place of local tradition" examines the discourse of the largest Traditionalist Muslim organization, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), and its effects on Java's Islamization.
However, the project takes the fatwas issued by MUI, Muhammadiyah and Nahdlatul Ulama into account for the composition of the KHI (Mawardi, 2003: 130).
If 40 years ago, Christians tended to look to the national military for protection when problems arose, they now turn to Nahdlatul Ulama, the largest Muslim organization in Indonesia, not just for protection but also to demonstrate to the public that interfaith relationships at the grassroots level are still strong.
Now, the Nahdlatul Ulama, an organization with about 50 million members and 28,000 Islamic boarding schools, is questioning the credibility of the Wahabi form of Islam.