25) To our modern eyes, such a familiarly literary formalism will be expressed in more strictly historicist terms a century later by Nahmanides
in a famous meta-historical principle--ma'aseh avot siman le-banim, "the acts of the fathers become imitated signs for their children.
and Ibn Ezra both understood the verse in this general sense.
, a prominent 12th century Torah scholar from Spain, wrote in his commentary on the plagues that the primary reason God punished the Egyptians was not for enslaving the Israelite people, but for dismissing God and his influence in their life.
, while not following Maimonides' five-part division of the opinions in the Book of Job, nonetheless considers the first four opinions to exhaust the possibilities which the human intellect can supply, which are in fact only two: the denial of providence (Job, whose opinion Nahmanides
identifies with that of Epicurus) and the belief that suffering is a just punishment for human sin (Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar).
Sin embargo, en el exilio precisamente es que Nahmanides
(1194-1270) escribe y da continuidad historica a una tradicion politica:
(Spain; 1194-1270), Joseph Caspi (Provence and Spain; 1279-1340), and R.
When we consider practices of seeking economic justice, we give particular attention to writings by Rabbi Jill Jacobs that illustrate how she situates herself both within a tradition of male commentators (Don Isaac Abrava-nel, Nahmanides
, and Isaac Caro) and within a tradition of American Jewish female social activists (Rose Schneiderman, Betty Alschuler, and Betty Friedan).
From its geniuses--Maimonides, Nahmanides
, and Yehudah Halevi--to its bankers, doctors, scholars, artists, merchants, husbands, wives, and children, Judaism has survived persecution and oppression and made significant contributions to the modern world, argues Schama, because of its adherents' devotion to the written word.
Maimonides, the great twelfth century rationalist literally worshipped a different God than Nahmanides
, the pivotal thirteenth century kabbalist, yet no one today would doubt the Jewishness of both, or question the seminal importance of each in the development of authentic Jewisl thought.
(GENESIS 1:26) suggests another meaning that is very much in line with our approach.
For example, Nahmanides
, a thirteenth-century Catalan cabbalist, asserts that the universe expanded from the moment of its creation, when it was the size of a mustard seed.
The reasoning behind this verse, writes 13th-century scholar Nahmanides
, is to protect the species that God created, as well as their ability to procreate.