Naismith, James


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Naismith, James

(nā`smĭth), 1861–1939, American athletic director, inventor (1891) of basketballbasketball,
game played generally indoors by two opposing teams of five players each. Basketball was conceived in 1891 by Dr. James Naismith, a physical education instructor at the YMCA college in Springfield, Mass.
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, b. Almonte, Ontario. While an instructor of physical education at the International YMCA Training School (now Springfield College) at Springfield, Mass., he originated basketball as a gymnasium sport. The game was originally played with a soccer ball and two peach bushel baskets, from which the game took its name. Twelve of the thirteen rules Naismith created are still basic to the game. Naismith was later (1898–1937) director of physical education at the Univ. of Kansas.

Bibliography

See biography by B. L. Webb (1973).

Naismith, James

(1861–1939) physical education teacher, inventor of basketball; born in Almonte, Ontario, Canada. A graduate of McGill (Montreal), he was at the Young Men's Christian Association Training School (now Springfield College) in Springfield, Mass., when he was invited by Luther Gulick, head of the school's physical education department, to devise some form of indoor team sport for the winter, one that would not involve expensive equipment; he devised a game (based on 13 rules) that required throwing balls through hoops—half-bushel peach baskets were used at first, thus providing the name "basketball." The game spread quickly, eventually attaining international popularity; its Hall of Fame is located in Springfield, Mass. Naismith moved on to teach physical education at the University of Kansas (1898–1937).
References in periodicals archive ?
ah Levein prefers James Forrest, Matty Phillips, Robert Snodgrass, Shaun Maloney, Steven Naismith, James Morrison, Jamie Mackie and Barry Robson so even if Commons keeps on scoring for Celtic he'll have to wait.
It was this that allowed the likes of Brown, Steven Naismith, James Morrison and Robert Snodgrass to move forward in numbers and link impressively with Kenny Miller who, despite not scoring, turned in a fairly immaculate 60-minute shift as the lone striker.
ON DECK Allan McGregor, Gary Caldwell and Kenny Miller lead the squad in poker games SCOTLAND UNITED ZHouston believes the likes of Steven Naismith, James Morrison and Kenny Miller have bonded over casino games