Nakhchivan


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Nakhchivan

or

Naxçivan

(näk'chĭvän`), city (1989 pop. 59,754), capital of Nakhchivan Autonomous RepublicNakhchivan Autonomous Republic
or Naxçivan Autonomous Republic
, autonomous republic (1990 est. pop. 310,000), 2,124 sq mi (5,501 sq km), an exclave of Azerbaijan, bordered on the south by Iran and Turkey and on the north by Armenia, which separates Nakhchivan
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, Azerbaijan. Its industries include food processing, wine making, and the production of furniture, leather, and building materials. The ancient Naxuana, the city was ruled by Armenians, Persians, Arabs, Mongols, and Turks, became a flourishing Armenian trade center in the 15th cent., and was ceded by Persia to Russia by the Treaty of Turkmanchai (1828). In the 19th cent. it was an important trading post between Persia and Russia. Nakhchivan has Greek and Roman remains and two 12th-century mausoleums.
References in periodicals archive ?
The meeting was attended by Azerbaijani Ambassador to Iran Bunyad Huseynov, Chairman of Azerbaijan Railways Javid Gurbanov and Minister of Economy of Nakhchivan Autonomous Region Famil Seyidov.
Heydar Alirza Oglu Aliyev was born on 10 May 1923 in Nakhchivan city of Azerbaijan.
The Azerbaijani canton of Nakhchivan, bordering Iran, Armenia, and Turkey, hosts a small military airbase.
Under this and the UNTDA study, the proposed Trans-Caspian Energy Corridor will be based primarily on the BTC system and the Southern Caucasus Pipeline (SCP), which supplies Azeri gas from the offshore Shah Deniz field to Turkey, Georgia, Nakhchivan and Iran.
Davutoglu called Ashton on the phone and briefed her about the meeting he held with Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan.
An investigation has been launched after the 19-year-old junior sergeant killed another 19-year-old serviceman at a military unit in Azerbaijan s remote region of Nakhchivan on Tuesday, the defence ministry said.
The MoU has been signed to develop the Nakhchivan offshore structure in the Caspian Sea.
Along with gas intended for the Autonomous Republic of Nakhchivan, total transfers to Iran will amount to 2.
The Nakhchivan Declaration and the agreement on set up of the Turkic-Speaking Countries Cooperation Council are due to be signed there.
Iran is now exporting gas to Turkey and Armenia, importing gas from Turkmenistan and swapping gas to Nakhchivan through the Republic of Azerbaijan, he said.
The bank, Nakhchivan Bank, is the second regional bank to start operations in the country.
In order to supply electricity to all parts of the country (including the Nakhchivan exclave), Azerbaijan imports power from Russia, Turkey, Iran, and Georgia.