Nanak


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Nanak

 

Born Apr. 15, 1469, in the village of Rai Bhoi di Talvandi, district of Shekhupura, Punjab; died Sept. 22, 1539, in Kartarpur. Indian poet, preacher, and ideologist of Sikhism. Wrote in Punjabi.

Nanak was the son of a merchant. His teachings were based on the doctrine of bhakti. He preached religious unity, social and caste equality, and spiritual self-improvement. He rejected the rituals of existing religions and advocated the active participation of his Sikh disciples in secular life. He founded a community in which unquestioning obedience to the authority of the guru (teacher) was required. The members of the Sikh community included members of the upper castes, untouchables, and Muslims; for the most part, they were from the trading and artisan strata of society. There were also members of the Jat peasantry, whose antifeudal views were reflected in Nanak’s teachings. In his verse, Nanak used Indian and Persian measures. The Granth, the holy book of the Sikhs, contains 974 works by Nanak, of which the most important are his “Prayer,” “Hymn to Hope,” and “Twelve Moons.”

WORKS

In English translation:
Selections From the Sacred Writings of the Sikhs. London, 1960.

REFERENCES

Reisner, I.M. Narodnye dvizheniia ν Indii ν XVI1-XVIII vv. Moscow, 1958.
Serebriakov, I. Pendzhabskaia literatura. Moscow, 1963.
Guru Nanak: K 500-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia poeta i gumanista Indii. Moscow, 1972.
Mahankavi guru Nanak. Patiala, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
They will reach Gurdwara Janamathan Nankana Sahib on November 25 to attend the main event in connection with the birth anniversary of Baba Guru Nanak, Mr.
I increased the speed of the bus and tried to flee the spot," Nanak said.
The Guru Nanak Interfaith Prize was established with a gift from the family of Sardar Ishar Singh Bindra and Sardarni Kuljit Kaur Bindra, prominent Sikh-Americans living in Brookville, New York.
Guru Nanak Daata Baksh Lai Mission, through which the productions and publications of Brig.
Sikh ladies from the Guru Nanak Sikh temple visit Colne Valley Museum
Sandwell Sikhs took to the streets to celebrate the birth of |their first Guru and founder of Sikhism, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji
16pm, the official time for breaking fast during the holy month of Ramadan in Dubai, the air in the langar hall (dining area of the Guru Nanak Darbar Gurudwara, a Sikh temple) was filled with azn, instead of the usual kirtan, in honour and regard of the visitors from Al Manar Centre.
Colourful crowds enjoy the procession from Gurdwara Guru Nanak Parkash temple 200414VAISHAKHI.
Guru Nanak was dissatisfied with the political rule of His time.
Brothers Jas and Suki Kullar, who run the Indian fusion restaurant, are the driving force behind Sikhi Sewa Mission UK, a charity set up by their family that has helped to build and sustain a hospital providing free treatment for people living in Dera Baba Nanak in the impoverished district of Gurdaspur in Punjab.
If successful, the school, which would be called the Guru Nanak Academy, could open its doors to pupils in September next year and will be the first school in Sandwell to cater for four to 19 year olds.
JALALABAD (PAN): 154th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak was celebrated in Nangarhar on Thursday, during which the Sikhs prayed for peace in the country.