Nanchang

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Nanchang

(nän`chäng`), city (1994 est. pop. 1,168,700), capital of Jiangxi prov., China, on the Gan River, near the southern end of Poyang Lake. A major transportation center, it has a port, rail links to Shanghai, Zhejiang, and Hunan, and an airport. It is a large economic and industrial center with machine shops, food-processing establishments, textile and paper mills, and plants making chemicals, tractors, cement, tires, and pharmaceuticals. An old walled city, Nanchang dates from the Sung dynasty (12th cent.), but it received its present name in the Ming dynasty. Nanchang is considered the birthplace of the People's Liberation Army. There, in 1927, a force of 30,000 Communist troops, led by Zhu DeZhu De
or Chu Teh
, 1886–1976, Chinese Communist soldier and leader. He was graduated (1911) from the Yunnan military academy and served in various positions with armies loyal to Sun Yat-sen. Stationed in Sichuan prov., he was a warlord from 1916 to 1920.
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, rose against the Kuomintang government and briefly established the first soviet republic in China. Occupied by the Japanese (1939–45) in World War II, Nanchang was reoccupied by the Nationalists in 1945 but fell to the Communists in 1949. An agricultural institute and a medical college are in the city. It is also called Nanjing.

Nanch’ang

 

a city in china, located on the Kan Chiang Capital of Kiangsi Province. Population, 508,000 (1957). The city is a railroad junction and an important port along the P’oyang Hu waterway. Main industries are textiles (primarily cotton) and food (rice, flour, and butter). Transportation and agricultural machinery, machine tools, electrical equipment, diesel motors, cellulose and paper products, and chemicals are also produced. There is a university in Nanch’ang.

Nanchang

, Nan-ch'ang
a walled city in SE China, capital of Jiangxi province, on the Kan River: largest city in the Poyang basin. Pop.: 1 742 000 (2005 est.)