Spratly Islands

(redirected from Nansha Island)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Spratly Islands,

group of about 100 low islands and coral reefs in the central South China Sea, intersecting busy shipping lanes. The whole group is claimed by China, Taiwan, and Vietnam, and parts are claimed by Malaysia and the Philippines. Brunei has established (1984) an exclusive economic zone encompassing Louisa Reef, but it has not claimed the islet. Various islands, valued primarily for the petroleum and gas potential of the surrounding waters and to a lesser degree for their fishing grounds, are occupied by their claimants. China, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam all have forces there. There have been many disputes and some fighting, most notably between Chinese and Vietnamese vessels in 1988 and 1992, and the Spratlys remain a source of tension among the claimants. A 2002 agreement between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and China called for all claimants to avoid activities that would heighten tensions over the islands, but China, Taiwan, and other claimants have nonetheless improved a number of the islands and reefs so that they can support airstrips and other facilities. A 2016 ruling under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea in a case that was initiated by the Philippines against China rejected China's main basis for its claim to the islands, and judged that none of the islands met the criteria required to entitle any claimant to an exclusive economic zone.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
China's construction of civilian and public facilities on the Nansha Islands and reefs, which fall within the scope of China's sovereignty, serves not only China but also coastal nations in the South China Sea.
The fleet visited several islets in the South China Sea and patrolled the Southernmost reefs of the Nansha Islands during the drill.
to begin its maiden patrol of the Spratlys, which are known in China as the Nansha Islands.
China contends that it infringes upon China's territorial sovereignty: China believes it has indisputable sovereignty over Xisha Islands and Nansha Islands and their adjacent waters.
Sansha is China's youngest city which was formally established in July on Yongxing Island in the South China Sea to manage the Xisha, Zhongsha and Nansha islands and their nearby waters.
It needs to seek a strategic balance between the issue involving Diaoyu, including the Nansha Islands, and national development.
Allow our citizens to step on the Xisha Islands and they will have a stronger feeling that the Xishas and Nansha Islands are indispensable parts of China.
28) China's note stated, "Under the relevant provisions of the 1982 UNCLOS, as well as the Law of the People's Republic of China on Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone (1992) and the Law on the Exclusive Economic Zone and the Continental Shelf of the PROC (1998), China's Nansha Islands is [sic] fully entitled to Territorial Sea, EEZ and Continental Shelf.
China insists sovereignty over Nansha islands, internationally known as Spratly Islands, and most of the resource-rich South China Sea.
At the beginning of the 1970s, the Philippine side started to make territorial claims on certain islands and reefs of China's Nansha Islands.
Set up in July on Yongxing Island in the South China Sea, Sansha is China's youngest city for the administeration of Xisha, Zhongsha and Nansha islands and their surrounding waters.
The Spratlys, known as the Truong Sa Islands in Vietnamese and as the Nansha Islands, are located southeast of the Paracels and are claimed in whole or in part by China, Vietnam, Taiwan, the Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei.