Narmada


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Narmada

(nərmŭ`də), river, c.775 mi (1,250 km) long, rising in Madhya Pradesh state, central India, and flowing W between the Satpura and Vindhya ranges through Gujarat state to the Gulf of Khambat. Because the river is turbulent and confined between steep banks, it is unsuitable for navigation or irrigation. However, the river is being developed for irrigation and hydroelectric power in a long-term project involving some 30 large, 135 medium, and 3,000 smaller dams and hundreds of miles of canals in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat. Gujarat will be the primary beneficiary of the irrigation aspects of the project. The project has been controversial both in India and internationally, in part because of the thousands of people who will need to be resettled. The Narmada, sacred to Hindus, is said to have sprung from the body of the god ShivaShiva
or Siva
, one of the greatest gods of Hinduism, also called Mahadeva. The "horned god" and phallic worship of the Indus valley civilization may have been a prototype of Shiva worship or Shaivism.
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; a round-trip pilgrimage on foot along its entire length is highly esteemed. Many holy baths and sites line its banks; at Marble Gorge, whose 100-ft-high (30.5-m) walls bear inscriptions and sculptures, is a 12th-century temple.

Narmada

 

(Narbada; ancient Namados), a river in India. According to various data, it measures from 1,250 to 1,400 km long; it drains an area of about 100,000 sq km. The Narmada rises in the Maikala Range, flows through the northern part of the Deccan plateau, and empties into the Gulf of Khambat (Cambay) of the Arabian Sea, forming an estuary. Over a considerable distance it flows in a deep tectonic fault valley. Water is abundant during the summer monsoon rains. In June and July the flow rate reaches 55,000 cu m per sec (exceeding that of the Ganges at this time of year). The waters of the lower Narmada are used for irrigation, and the river is navigable at the estuary. The cities of Broach and Anklesvar are located on the lower Narmada.

Narmada

, Narbada
a river in central India, rising in Madhya Pradesh and flowing generally west to the Gulf of Cambay in a wide estuary: the second most sacred river in India. Length: 1290 km (801 miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Boys and girls from 16 tribal villages in Narmada District swim across the 600 metre wide River Hiran and then walk for another five kilometres to reach the Utavadi Village where the nearest school is located.
Now, the Narmada Control Authority has asked officials to ensure water is available to people only for drinking.
The water level at Golden Bridge (on the Narmada river) in the city has breached the normal level of 22 feet and touched 29.
The Narmada River is venerated as a goddess and is the principle deity for many devotees in the Narmada valley.
Mumbai: Thousands of people were evacuated in Gujarat following a 10-metre breach in the 458km long Narmada canal.
This wide-ranging, detailed and analytical book attempts to embed an analysis of the controversy over the systems of dams on the Narmada River into a narrative of the politics of water infrastructure development in India.
The state-run Narmada Hydroelectric Development Corporation operates the newly built dam.
Some would say the story of the Narmada is about the inevitable march of progress, that those who live in rural India have as much right as anyone to electrical power and abundant water.
The controversy over large dams on the River Narmada in western India has come to symbolize the struggle for a just and equitable society in India.
In December 2000, activists of Narmada Bachao Andolan (Save Narmada Movement) including Roy held a demonstration outside the Supreme Court to protest its ruling allowing construction of Narmada Dam, in central India, over fears it will drown hundreds of villages and render thousands of people homeless.
The Narmada Valley in India is home to thousands and cradle of the sacred Narmada river.
THE Narmada Control Authority's decision to allow raising the height of the inter-state Sardar Sarovar Narmada Project less than a fortnight after Narendra Modi took charge as the Prime Minister has raised the hackles of environmentalists and activists who are wondering why the Madhya Pradesh government was praising the directive when as many as 2.