narodniki

narodniki

(närôd`nĭkē), Russian populists, adherents of an agrarian socialist movement active from the 1860s to the end of the 19th cent. Influenced by the writings of Aleksandr HerzenHerzen, Aleksandr Ivanovich
, 1812–70, Russian revolutionary leader and writer. A member of the aristocracy, he was appalled at the brutality of his class, the lack of freedom at all levels of Russian society, and the terrible poverty of the serfs.
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, the narodniki attempted to adapt socialist doctrine to Russian conditions; they envisaged a society in which sovereignty would rest with small self-governing economic units resembling the traditional Russian village commune and held together in a loose voluntary confederation replacing the state. The narodniki first went to the villages in 1874 to spread their doctrine among the peasants, but they were rejected. In 1876 they formed a secret society, known as Land and Liberty, to promote a mass revolutionary uprising. Expelled from the countryside by the police, they soon became dominated by the movement's terroristic wing, the People's Will, formed in 1879, which undertook several political assassinations; in 1881 a member of the group assassinated Czar Alexander IIAlexander II,
1818–81, czar of Russia (1855–81), son and successor of Nicholas I. He ascended the throne during the Crimean War (1853–56) and immediately set about negotiating a peace (see Paris, Congress of).
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. Thereafter populism declined. In 1901 the Socialist Revolutionary party was founded as the heir to the narodniki movement.
References in periodicals archive ?
Delsol localiza el origen de los populismos modernos a fines del siglo xix, cuando el termino comienza a utilizar se afirmativamente para aludir a movimientos sociales y politicos como los narodniki rusos y los grangers americanos.
A esa altura, habia quienes englobaban en la categoria a fenomenos politicos tan variados como el fascismo, el nacional-socialismo, el stalinismo, el maoismo, el peronismo y el castrismo --para no mencionar a los movimientos que protagonizaron en el siglo XIX los narodniki en Rusia y el People's Party en los Estados Unidos o, mas cercanamente, el Social Credit Party en Canada o, por ultimo, Solidaridad en Polonia--.
Los narodniki eran un movimiento aristocratico en Rusia que veia en el campesinado una alternativa al capitalismo, pero fracaso por crear imagenes que no coincidian con las aspiraciones y dinamicas reales de los campesinos (Ulianova, 2003).
Vera Zasulich, the second Russian translator of the Manifesto and at the time a Narodniki activist, asked Marx to intervene on the question of whether or not the insights in Volume One of Capital were applicable to Russia and whether Russia had to undergo capitalist development prior to a socialist revolution, as the Russian Marxists contended, or whether it could directly achieve a communist society on the basis of the Russian commons, or village commune, obschina.
Peter Kropotkin and Mikhail Bakunin, the Communards and the narodniki, the First and Second Internationals--all get plenty of attention.
L'origine du terme de populiste remonte aux Narodniki (1) russes (18801890), qui pourraient etre consideres comme le socialisme primitif agraire et nationaliste russe.
Later he learnt modern languages (French and German, as well as Russian), and joined the Russian populist revolutionary movement, the Narodniki.
Were there no irregulars of a score of honored revolutions, no Narodniki, Mau Mau, Stern Gang and a thousand others, before Black September?
Ansky was educated in a Hasidic environment and as a young man was attracted to the Jewish Enlightenment (Haskala) and to the populist doctrines of the Narodniki, a group of socialist revolutionaries.
From the Germans, from the partisans, from the narodniki [German-organized local self-defense units] .
Los primeros dos movimientos populistas de la historia identificados en la mayor parte de los estudios son los narodniki rusos y los populistas estadounidenses.
20) Chekhov's scepticism towards the activities and ill-informed convictions of the Narodniki or Populists is well known.

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