Naseby

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Naseby

(nāz`bē), village, Northamptonshire, central England, near Northampton. Nearby, on June 14, 1645, the parliamentarians under Sir Thomas Fairfax of Cameron and Oliver CromwellCromwell, Oliver
, 1599–1658, lord protector of England. Parliamentary General

The son of a gentry family, he entered Cambridge in 1616 but probably left the next year.
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 defeated the royalists under Charles I and Prince Rupert in a decisive battle of the English civil warEnglish civil war,
1642–48, the conflict between King Charles I of England and a large body of his subjects, generally called the "parliamentarians," that culminated in the defeat and execution of the king and the establishment of a republican commonwealth.
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.

Naseby

 

English village in Northamptonshire where on June 14, 1645, during the English Bourgeois Revolution of the 17th Century, the army of Parliament (7,000 infantrymen and 6,500 cavalrymen), reorganized by O. Cromwell and commanded by T. Fairfax, defeated the troops of Charles I (4,000 infantrymen and 4,000 cavalrymen).

Cromwell’s cavalry played the decisive role in the battle; it first routed the royal cavalry and then attacked the infantry from the flank and rear. More than 1,000 Royalists were killed, and 5,000 men and the entire artillery were captured. The victory at Naseby was the turning point in the civil war of 1642–46 for the Parliamentary forces.

Naseby

a village in Northamptonshire: site of a major Parliamentarian victory (1645) in the Civil War, when Cromwell routed Prince Rupert's force