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Naskapi:see Montagnais and NaskapiMontagnais and Naskapi
, aboriginal peoples originally from Labrador, Canada. Because they both spoke almost identical Algonquian languages and had similar customs, the two groups are often linked.
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an Algonquian-speaking Indian tribe in the northern and northeastern parts of the Labrador Peninsula (Canada). The aboriginal occupations of the Naskapi were fishing and hunting and, from the 17th century, fur trading. Colonial exploitation of the Naskapi as suppliers of skins made them the most backward and poverty-stricken Indian group in the Canadian North. The present-day Naskapi (in 1967 they numbered 284) live on the Fort Chimo Reservation. The Naskapi are Catholics, although they have preserved many old totemistic beliefs and rituals.
REFERENCESNarody Ameriki, vol. 1. Moscow, 1959.
Averkieva, Iu. P. “Rod i obshchina u algonkinov i atapaskov amerikan-skogo Severa.” In the collection Razlozhenie rodovogo slroia i for-mirovanie klassovogo obshcheslva. Moscow, 1968.