Britton, Nathaniel L.

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Britton, Nathaniel L. (Lord)

(1859–1934) botanist; born in New Dorp, Staten Island, N.Y. Originally a geologist, he was an assistant in geology at Columbia University (1879–86), then taught geology, botany, and ecology there (1886–90). He became a professor of botany at Columbia (1891–96), then resigned to found and direct the New York Botanical Garden (1896–1929), with his wife Elizabeth Gertrude Knight Britton, as its curator of mosses. A rigid taxonomist, he collected and classified plants of the U.S.A. and the West Indies, and wrote and illustrated volumes on flowers, trees, and cacti. He is honored in the names of many plant genera and species; Mount Britton in Luquillo National Park, Puerto Rico, was also named for him.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nathaniel Lord Britton and Charles Frederick Millspaugh from the New York Botanical Garden and the Field Museum, respectively, produced the first comprehensive flora for the archipelago in 1920.
The design of the garden was inspired by Columbia University botanist Nathaniel Lord Britton and his wife Elizabeth Gertrude Knight Britton.
There is probably no better resource to gain an understanding of the historical context within which The Bahama Flora was published than the book Britton's Botanical Empire (Mickulas, 2007), which chronicles the origin and early evolution of The New York Botanical Garden (NYBG), of which Nathaniel Lord Britton (1859-1934) was the founding Director-in-Chief.
Another Staten Island naturalist was Nathaniel Lord Britton, founder and first director of the New York Botanical Gardens and author of the "bible of botany," The Illustrated Guide to the Flora of Northern U.