National Archives


Also found in: Acronyms, Wikipedia.

National Archives,

official depository for records of the U.S. federal government, established in 1934 by an act of Congress. Although displeasure concerning the method of keeping national records was voiced in Congress as early as 1810, the United States continued to entrust the records to the various agencies that had accumulated them. That practice resulted in much loss, confusion, deterioration, and destruction of documents. It was not until 1926 that Congress provided for the construction of a national archives building where federal government records could be stored, assembled, and preserved. The congressional act of 1934 organized the National Archives Establishment, to be administered by the archivist of the United States. The archivist was charged with accepting and preserving the records of the three branches of the federal government. The National Archives was incorporated into the General Services Administration in 1949, but in 1985 it was made an independent agency, the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).

Located in Washington, D.C., the building to house these records was completed in 1935. Some of the country's most important documents, including the Declaration of Independence, Constitution, and Bill of Rights are housed in the National Archives Building, and a version of the English Magna CartaMagna Carta
or Magna Charta
[Lat., = great charter], the most famous document of British constitutional history, issued by King John at Runnymede under compulsion from the barons and the church in June, 1215.
..... Click the link for more information.
 dating to 1297 is also on display. The overflow accumulation of millions of documents and other materials necessitated the creation of a second archives facility in College Park, Md., which was occupied in 1994, and NARA is now headquartered there. Nine regional records facilities are spread throughout the country, and the agency also manages the presidential records of all presidents since Herbert Hoover (by law since 1981). NARA is reponsible as well for publishing acts of Congress; presidential proclamations, executive orders, and federal regulations (in the Federal Register); and The United States Government Manual, among others. Since the early 1990s, the agency has offered some of its materials and services on line. The National Archives has proved invaluable in facilitating the research of scholars, particularly in the field of American history.

Bibliography

See M. MacCloskey, Our National Attic (1968); H. G. Jones, The Records of a Nation (1969).

References in periodicals archive ?
Funded by the Trust, the Department of Canadian Heritage, the CBC, Telefilm Canada, the NFB, the National Archives of Canada and other public/private sector sponsors, the Awards were launched in 2000.
National Archives Documents are a collection of visual resources from the holdings of the National Archives and Record Administration (NARA) that highlight major themes throughout U.
The steel, copper, and titanium capsule and some of its contents will be on display in the rotunda of the National Archives building in Washington, D.
A: I'm an exhibit curator of "American Originals," a changing exhibit of documentary treasures from the National Archives holdings that includes such documents as the Louisiana Purchase Treaty, the police blotter listing the assassination of President Lincoln, and the arrest papers of Rosa Parks.
National Archives Documents are grouped into historical units and often include glossaries, brief biographies, and timelines to put the documents in chronological perspective.
Included among the National Archives records available online at Footnote.
The documents proposed by the National Archives and registered this year in this register concern the abolition of slavery in Tunisia between 1841 and 1846.
Under the mosque building project, dubbed as The National Archives Mosque, new mosque, with an capacity of 800 people, will be built in Mali.
The Watheq (archive) initiative by the National Archives was intended to preserve ongoing, reference and historical documents that could be valuable in writing the UAE's history.
Most people know the National Archives as the building in Washington, D.
NRAA delegation will visit the National Archives of India HQs' in New Delhi to reproduce and photocopy documents related to the Sultanate, which are available in the National Archives of India.
The New York Times said Halsberghe, a retired magistrate, said she placed her documents with the National Archives in 2009 after receiving an anonymous phone call warning her to be careful about their safekeeping.

Full browser ?