National Convention

Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

National Convention


the highest legislative and executive organ of the First Republic in France. It was in existence from Sept. 21, 1792, to Oct. 26, 1795.

The National Convention was elected after the popular uprising of Aug. 10, 1792, which overthrew the monarchy and forced the Legislative Assembly to change the system of electoral qualifications and decree the convocation of a national congress. Two-stage elections to the convention, in which all men (excluding domestic servants) over the age of 21 were eligible to vote, were held. There were three groups of deputies to the convention: the Girondins, who tried to hold back the forward movement of the revolution; the Jacobins, who tried to further the revolution; and the Plaine, who supported whoever was more powerful at any given moment.

The history of the National Convention is divided into three periods. During the first period, control belonged to the Girondins. However, in the trial of Louis XVI, a slim majority overruled the Girondins and supported the Jacobin proposal on the execution of the former king (January 1793) and approved the Law of the Maximum (May 1793), which instituted government limits on prices. The popular uprising of May 31-June 2, 1793, drove the Girondins from power and gave full power to the Jacobins.

The Jacobin convention was the supreme organ of the Jacobin dictatorship. The dictatorship carried out the most important tasks of the revolution (organizing the national forces to defeat the counterrevolution, liquidating feudal relationships in the countryside, and adopting a democratic constitution in 1793). The National Convention and its subordinate committees, including the Committee of Public Safety and Committee of General Security, formed the revolutionary government of the Jacobins. The National Convention of this period received the high evaluation of V. I. Lenin, who wrote: “a convention . . . must have the courage, the capacity, and the strength to strike merciless blows at the counterrevolutionaries instead of compromising with them” (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 34, p. 37).

The Thermidorian coup (July 1794) began the Thermidorian Convention, which in the interest of the counterrevolutionary big bourgeoisie liquidated the basic social and democratic gains of the Jacobins and prepared the way for transition to the regime of the Directory.


References in periodicals archive ?
The United States Hispanic Chamber of Commerce (USHCC), its Board of Directors, the USHCC Foundation and the Greater Philadelphia Hispanic Chamber of Commerce (GPHCC) today officially kick-off the USHCC's 27th National Convention and Business Expo, and announce an important partnership with Comcast.
The colorful National Convention Business Sessions--from the red, white and blue of the opening ceremonies to the rainbow of colors of the National Order of Trench Rats robes to the brightly colored lights of the concluding presentation of National Officers--were filled with stirring moments of patriotism and vital information on the future for disabled veterans.
What the host committee and the Democratic National Convention Committee have agreed on is being steadfast in keeping quiet about who has been given access to the skyboxes.
A lot has changed since the inception of the WBCA in 1981 in Wayne, PA, just outside of Philadelphia From a modest membership of 212 coaches and only had 99 attendees at its inaugural convention in 1982, the WBCA currently boasts more than 5,000 members and a national convention that has become a premier happening in women's basketball.
2005 National Convention, including registration information and deadlines, visit the association's web site at http://www.
The power of Cisco's networking technology offers the flexibility, security, and mobility necessary to meet the unique needs of events like the Republican National Convention.
Elections will take place at the DAV National Convention in Chicago, Ill.
Ron Gills, a member of the California delegation from Santa Clarita, spent almost $60 on T-shirts that read: ``America 2000 The Democratic National Convention,'' with a picture of California and the American Flag.
Previously announced speakers include: San Antonio Mayor Julian Castro, who will be the first Latino keynote speaker at a Democratic National Convention, President Bill Clinton, Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel, California Attorney General Kamala D.
You'll need delegate credentials to represent your Department, Chapter or Auxiliary Unit during the 85th DAV and Auxiliary National Convention in Chicago, Aug.
Now think about spending it at the Democratic National Convention.
The National Council of La Raza (NCLR) will hold its national convention this summer, and the city will host US Hispanic Chamber of Commerce's National Convention next year.

Encyclopedia browser ?
Full browser ?