National Education Association

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National Education Association

(NEA), organization of professional educators in the United States, with almost 2.5 million members. The NEA was founded (1850) as the National Teachers Association, changed its name in 1857, and was chartered by Congress in 1906. Its 13 standing committees and 7 divisions share an operating budget of approximately $150 million; each represents a separate area of specialized interest. Its general aim is to promote the welfare of all professional educators, including teachers, administrators, counselors, and others concerned about education. In 1998 the leadership of NEA and the American Federation of TeachersAmerican Federation of Teachers
(AFT), an affiliate of the AFL-CIO. It was formed (1916) out of the belief that the organizing of teachers should follow the model of a labor union, rather than that of a professional association.
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 supported a merger of the two groups, but delegates to the NEA's annual meeting rejected the proposal.

Bibliography

See E. B. Wesley, NEA: The First Hundred Years (1957) and M. Murphy, Blackboard Unions: The AFT and the NEA, 1900–1980 (1990).

References in periodicals archive ?
In the first phase of this research project I am examining landmark documents--the Report of the Committee of Ten, Cardinal Principles of Secondary Education, and The American High School Today--for traces of the six characteristics of liberal education as defined by Rothblatt: character formation, leadership, breadth, personality development, critical thinking, and general education (National Education Association of the United States Committee on Secondary School Studies 1894; National Education Association of the United States Commission on the Reorganization of Secondary Education 1918; Conant 1959).
1911 Report of the Committee on the Articulation of High School and College, quoted in National Education Association of the United States Commission on the Reorganization of Secondary Education 1918, 12) (3)

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