National Liberal Party

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National Liberal Party


(Partidul National-Liberal), a Rumanian political party founded in 1875 out of various bourgeois-liberal groups. The National Liberal Party represented the commercial and industrial bourgeoisie and some of the landholding nobility and advocated protectionist trade policies. In the 20th century the party came to express the aspirations of the major financial and banking interests in Rumania.

The National Liberal Party concealed its reactionary course in domestic politics and its concessions to foreign capital with the demagogic slogan of economic reorganization “on our own strength.” The National Liberals held power for prolonged periods from 1876 to 1937 and frequently joined coalition governments. Leadership was in hands of the Brátianu family, except when the party was headed by D. Sturdza (1892–1909) and I. Duca (1930–33).

After the mid-1920’s the National Liberal Party went into decline, because of both its policy of cruel repression against the labor and democratic movement and the growing strength of the National Peasant Party. Some leaders of the National Liberal Party supported Antonescu’s fascist regime. On the eve of Rumania’s liberation from fascism, the leadership of the party was forced to agree to formal participation in the National Democratic Bloc of June 1944. After its defeat in the National Assembly elections in November 1946, the National Liberal Party was no longer a political force.


Fǎtu, M. Sfîrşit fǎrǎ glorie. Bucharest, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
The authorities were interested not only in increasing the number of those that joined the single party, but also had a strong point of view regarding the weakening the local organizations of the National Liberal Party and the National Peasants' Party.
According to the National Liberal Party, the prefect has to play a dual role: on the one hand, he runs the county's administration, representing local interests and, on the other hand, he is the delegate of the central government in the county, acting under the direct command of the Minister of the Interior.
The National Liberal Party, the local liberal newspapers, the bourgeois cultural Voluntary Associations (Vereine) which cultivated sport, music, culture and local folklore, and the local schools which even after the 1860s were under the control of the liberals.
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Sleiman also met today with a students' delegation of the National Liberal Party.
15(SUNA)- The Sudanese National Liberal Party has called for ceasefire in South Kodofan in order to a compatible atmosphere for reaching a negotiated solution to the issue.
The National Liberal Party, the partner of the Social Democratic Party in the ruling coalition, is categorically opposing over-taxation or any tax increase.
th], the ruling coalition partner National Liberal Party (PNL) expressed fears that President Traian Basescu would not nominate the winning candidate.
Lebanese Christian leader and head of the National Liberal Party, Dori Chamoun, has said that Palestinians in Lebanon "spent their money on fighting Lebanese".

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