National Liberal Party

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National Liberal Party

 

(Partidul National-Liberal), a Rumanian political party founded in 1875 out of various bourgeois-liberal groups. The National Liberal Party represented the commercial and industrial bourgeoisie and some of the landholding nobility and advocated protectionist trade policies. In the 20th century the party came to express the aspirations of the major financial and banking interests in Rumania.

The National Liberal Party concealed its reactionary course in domestic politics and its concessions to foreign capital with the demagogic slogan of economic reorganization “on our own strength.” The National Liberals held power for prolonged periods from 1876 to 1937 and frequently joined coalition governments. Leadership was in hands of the Brátianu family, except when the party was headed by D. Sturdza (1892–1909) and I. Duca (1930–33).

After the mid-1920’s the National Liberal Party went into decline, because of both its policy of cruel repression against the labor and democratic movement and the growing strength of the National Peasant Party. Some leaders of the National Liberal Party supported Antonescu’s fascist regime. On the eve of Rumania’s liberation from fascism, the leadership of the party was forced to agree to formal participation in the National Democratic Bloc of June 1944. After its defeat in the National Assembly elections in November 1946, the National Liberal Party was no longer a political force.

REFERENCE

Fǎtu, M. Sfîrşit fǎrǎ glorie. Bucharest, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
The National Liberals were on one side of the split that emerged in the Liberal Party in the 1930s.
The National Liberals contested seats for the Conservatives until 1968, and Michael Heseltine fought his first election, in the Welsh seat of Gower, under the National Liberal banner in the 1959 general election.
It was made up of Conservatives, National Liberals and eight of MacDonald's cabinet ministers including his Chancellor, Philip Snowden.
In 1947 these National Liberals and the Conservatives merged at the constituency level.
While the splits between progressive and national liberals, kleindeutsch and grossdeutsch nationalists, and protectionists and free-traders are mentioned in many chapters, their roots and implications are never fully discussed.
Now Basescu's best chance to solve the political crisis would be to broker the deal that would bring the National Liberals, who are ideologically close to his Liberal Democrats, back into the cabinet.
Dutton points out, the National Liberals have usually been given short shrift by historians.
57) The radicalism of the Swabian liberal farmers in their former party, the National Liberals, was now expressed in the Swabian Peasants' Association, especially in the Mindelheim-Gunzburg region.
The Asquith wing of the Liberal Party became known as the National Liberals and invariably voted with the Conservatives without actually being in coalition.
Lloyd George and his National Liberals divided the spoils equally with the Tories.
Liberal Imperialists, Liberal Unionists, Lloyd George Liberals, Constitutionalists, Wartime Nationals, National Liberals and disaffected Socialists such as Aiden Crawley in the 1950s and Reg Prentice in the 1970s and, finally, the Independents such as Max Beloff and Paul Johnson have all helped.

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