National Marine Sanctuary Program

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National Marine Sanctuary Program,

federally owned marine and Great Lakes reserves, administered by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The program consists of 13 marine sanctuaries totaling over 18,000 sq mi (46,632 sq km) in eight states and American Samoa. Four of the areas are on the California coast, including the largest, at Monterey Bay. The Florida Keys and Hawaii also have large sanctuaries. Founded in 1972, the program was set up to protect those marine and Great Lakes areas of special significance, such as the only barrier reef in the United States, which is in the Florida Keys. The first sanctuary, encompassing the sunken remains of the Civil War ironclad USS Monitor (see Monitor and MerrimackMonitor and Merrimack,
two American warships that fought the first engagement between ironclad ships. When, at the beginning of the Civil War, the Union forces abandoned the Norfolk Navy Yard at Portsmouth, Va., they scuttled the powerful steam frigate Merrimack.
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), off the coast of North Carolina, was designated in 1975. Education and research are important aspects of the program; oil drilling and salvaging are prohibited in the sanctuaries.

The National Estuarine Research Reserve System, also established in 1972 and managed by NOAA, has 25 reserves covering more than 1 million acres (405,000 hectares) in 17 states and Puerto Rico. The reserves are representative of the various regions and estuarine types found in the United States and its territories.

References in periodicals archive ?
The examples cited, the growing international interest in combining and applying these approaches, and the implementation of a robust US National Marine Sanctuary Program offer hope for the protection of Earth's diversity of living marine treasures.
In Wild Earth(TM): Deep Ocean Safari, guests become sub-mariners to discover and interact with a wide array of marine life and habitats that represent the National Marine Sanctuary Program.
Together with NOAA's National Marine Sanctuary Program and EnTCo, we are excited to create education that will make a positive difference.
NOAA's Ocean Service manages the National Marine Sanctuary Program, and is dedicated to exploring, understanding, conserving, and restoring the nation's coasts and oceans.
This was a collaborative, multi-agency venture involving NOAA's National Ocean Service, National Marine Sanctuary Program, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve, NOAA Fisheries, Bishop Museum, the State of Hawai'i and the University of Hawai'i.
NOAA's National Marine Sanctuary Program (NMSP) manages 13 national marine sanctuaries, which encompass more than 18,000 square miles of U.
Environmental Tectonics Corporation's (the "Company") wholly owned subsidiary Entertainment Technology Corporation (EnTCo) is pleased to announce a new collaboration with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Marine Sanctuary Program (NMSP).
This expedition is a continuation of the collaboration between NOAA's National Marine Sanctuary Program, Mystic Aquarium and IFE (located in Mystic, Conn.
Global is currently involved with Phase II and III of the project, managed by NOAA's Monitor National Marine Sanctuary Program, and anticipates participation in the 2002 turret recovery.
The comprehensive protections offered by NOAA's national marine sanctuary program seemed to be the answer to many of our offshore pollution and industrial development problems.

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