National Park


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national park

an area of countryside for public use designated by a national government as being of notable scenic, environmental, or historical importance

National Park

a mountainous volcanic region in New Zealand, in the central North Island: ski resort

National Park

A federally owned area administered by the National Park Service, often extensive in size, individually designated by Congress for purposes of recreation, culture, or scenic or historic preservation, such as Yosemite National Park, Yellowstone, and the Grand Canyon.

National Park

 

a protected land or water area with a relatively unspoiled natural setting, often with unusual features, such as waterfalls, canyons, and picturesque landscapes. Some national parks are analogous to preserves, from which they differ mainly in that they are also public recreation areas.

Originally, national parks were set aside as areas where the state protected natural resources from predatory exploitation by private entrepreneurs. The first such area, Yellowstone National Park in the USA, was established in 1872. By 1973 there were more than 1,000 national parks in 98 countries. In many countries national parks are established by the supreme legislative body of the state. In some countries, such as the USA and Japan, the excessive number of visitors to the national parks creates a threat to the natural objects; therefore, steps are taken to provide for appropriate organization of the national parks and the surrounding regions. In the USSR the Lahemaa National Park in Estonia (1969) and the Gauja National Park in Latvia (1973) were established by decrees of the Councils of Ministers of the Estonian SSR and the Latvian SSR.

REFERENCE

United Nations List of National Parks and Equivalent Reserves, 2nd ed. Brussels, 1971.

V. A. BORISOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Worldwide, there are around 6,555 national parks and 21 in Pakistan, which represent different ecological regions of the country and cover about 29,589 kmy, about 3 percent of the total area (10,060,96 kmy) of the country.
Our existing national park system encompasses some of our greatest natural wonders, but numerous important places--and flora and fauna --remain left out.
This case illustrates the important role that the public can play in identifying and sharing evidence of illegal behavior in parks," Charles Cuvelier, chief of law enforcement for the National Park Service, said in a statement.
Delighted: Snowdonia National Park chief executive Aneurin Phillips
Exploring six national parks -- Death Valley, Joshua Tree, Redwood, Sequoia, Kings and Yosemite -- Google shot a patchwork of still images that form a 360-degree panorama of California's rugged backcountry.
The Champions will also give back to the National Parks by volunteering, on projects such as for practical conservation work.
Kayan Mentarang National Park is located in the province of East Kalimantan, along the border with the Malaysian province, Sarawak.
Dark Horizons highlights ten national parks most threatened by pollution from proposed coal-fired power plants, including Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Mammoth Cave National Park, Mesa Verde National Park, and Great Basin National Park.
The national park units, and the rangers who work in them, tell the story of our nation.
The university and its partners, the National Park Foundation and the National Park Service, helped educators prepare for and extend the virtual trip with online, multidisciplinary, standards-based lessons and activities.
Birds of Shenandoah National Park, Blue Ridge Parkway, and Great Smoky Mountains National Park
When estimating the grizzly bear population in and around Glacier National Park, why might researchers prefer to collect fur samples rather than physically capturing the bears?

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