National Park


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Related to National Park: Bruce Peninsula National Park

national park

an area of countryside for public use designated by a national government as being of notable scenic, environmental, or historical importance

National Park

a mountainous volcanic region in New Zealand, in the central North Island: ski resort

National Park

A federally owned area administered by the National Park Service, often extensive in size, individually designated by Congress for purposes of recreation, culture, or scenic or historic preservation, such as Yosemite National Park, Yellowstone, and the Grand Canyon.

National Park

 

a protected land or water area with a relatively unspoiled natural setting, often with unusual features, such as waterfalls, canyons, and picturesque landscapes. Some national parks are analogous to preserves, from which they differ mainly in that they are also public recreation areas.

Originally, national parks were set aside as areas where the state protected natural resources from predatory exploitation by private entrepreneurs. The first such area, Yellowstone National Park in the USA, was established in 1872. By 1973 there were more than 1,000 national parks in 98 countries. In many countries national parks are established by the supreme legislative body of the state. In some countries, such as the USA and Japan, the excessive number of visitors to the national parks creates a threat to the natural objects; therefore, steps are taken to provide for appropriate organization of the national parks and the surrounding regions. In the USSR the Lahemaa National Park in Estonia (1969) and the Gauja National Park in Latvia (1973) were established by decrees of the Councils of Ministers of the Estonian SSR and the Latvian SSR.

REFERENCE

United Nations List of National Parks and Equivalent Reserves, 2nd ed. Brussels, 1971.

V. A. BORISOV

References in periodicals archive ?
About Washington's National Park Fund: Washington's National Park Fund is the only philanthropic organization dedicated exclusively to supporting Mount Rainier, North Cascades and Olympic National Parks through charitable contributions, operating under a Partnership Agreement between each national park and the Fund.
But today, the flow of visitors at many National Parks has gotten out of control.
Relations between the National Park Service and the main line environmental community are, as Hummel suggests, increasingly incestuous.
As the official national charity for America's national parks, the National Park Foundation is dedicated to connecting every person to their national parks and strengthening them for the future.
Lake McDonald marks the western entrance to Glacier National Park.
Smith, a former park ranger, says that the effects of snowmobiles permitted at 27 national parks are cumulative, compounded by two-stroke engines that spew up to 30 percent of their fuel out the tailpipe and emit highly toxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
Ninety percent of bear habitat is gone" in the southeastern United States, says Bob Miller at Great Smokey Mountains National Park, one of the last remaining refuges for black bears.
Late last year Watson applied to the National Park Service for $287,000 in special funding to start a research and management program to control the pests, but the request was turned down.
DNC Parks & Resorts at Yosemite is an affiliate of Delaware North Companies and Yosemite's authorized National Park Service concessionaire providing lodging, food and beverage services, gift and grocery stores, recreational activities, and transportation for the Park's 3.
The National Register designation itself offers no protection, but does set the property apart in guidelines set up by the National Park Service related to the preservation of historic cultural elements.
Isn't that what a national park is supposed to be about?
Alaska's Denali National Park may charge as much as $200 per climber.

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