National Road

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National Road,

U.S. highway built in the early 19th cent. At the time of its construction, the National Road was the most ambitious road-building project ever undertaken in the United States. It finally extended from Cumberland, Md., to St. Louis and was the great highway of Western migration. Agitation for a road to the West began c.1800. Congress approved the route and appointed a committee to plan details in 1806. Contracts were given in 1811, but the War of 1812 intervened, and construction did not begin until 1815. The first section (called the Cumberland Road) was built of crushed stone. Opened in 1818, it ran from Cumberland to Wheeling, W.Va., following in part the Native American trail known as Nemacolin's PathNemacolin's Path
, Native American trail between the Potomac and the Monongahela rivers, going from the site of Cumberland, Md., to the mouth of Redstone Creek, where Brownsville, Pa., is situated.
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. Largely through the efforts of Henry Clay it was continued (1825–33) westward through Ohio, using part of the road built by Ebenezer Zane. By this time the older part of the road was badly in need of repair. Control of the road was therefore turned over to the states through which it passed, where tolls for maintenance were collected. It was carried on to Vandalia, Ill., and finally to St. Louis. The old route became part of U.S. Highway 40. At points on the road copies of a statue called the Madonna of the Trail have been erected to honor the pioneer women who went West over the National Road.


See P. D. Jordan, The National Road (1948).

References in periodicals archive ?
to celebrate the opening of the 30,000-square-foot store at 9150 Baltimore National Pike.
A small syndicate run by Jake Finnegan, the first man to catch the big pike at 40lb that includes national pike guru Neville Fickling, is expecting the fish to grow over the record and the latest news on the Wykeham pike can be had from 07515992981.
branch and it will be merged with a nearby New Market branch at 11717 Old National Pike.
By the time the handoff was completed with the transfer of the Illinois segment in 1856, the age of the railroad was well underway, taking traffic from the National Pike.
Lindsey Gillis and his family have accumulated a large collection of antique tractors and farm equipment, which they display every August at the National Pike Steam, Gas & Horse Association Show near Brownsville, Pa.
The branch organises two or three four-day visits to Scotland and Wales each year and attends the national pike championship at the Lake of Menteith.
His catch rates 58 points on the national pike scale and wins a super-smooth Shakespeare Summit rear-drag reel.
Now we live in a brick house on the historic first National Pike -- U.
Further information on The World Market for Protective Relays in Electric Utilities: 2012-2014 is available from Newton-Evans Research Company, 10176 Baltimore National Pike, Suite 204, Ellicott City, Maryland 21042.
com) or mail your registration fee to: Maryland Nurses Association District 2, 6400 Baltimore National Pike #523, Baltimore, MD 21228.
Five Below's Catonsville location is in the West Plaza Shopping Center at 6459 Baltimore National Pike near Babies "R" Us and PetSmart.
5 acres at 65 Old National Pike for $200,000, while the other is the 41-acre Artz Farm on Alternate U.

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