National Road


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National Road,

U.S. highway built in the early 19th cent. At the time of its construction, the National Road was the most ambitious road-building project ever undertaken in the United States. It finally extended from Cumberland, Md., to St. Louis and was the great highway of Western migration. Agitation for a road to the West began c.1800. Congress approved the route and appointed a committee to plan details in 1806. Contracts were given in 1811, but the War of 1812 intervened, and construction did not begin until 1815. The first section (called the Cumberland Road) was built of crushed stone. Opened in 1818, it ran from Cumberland to Wheeling, W.Va., following in part the Native American trail known as Nemacolin's PathNemacolin's Path
, Native American trail between the Potomac and the Monongahela rivers, going from the site of Cumberland, Md., to the mouth of Redstone Creek, where Brownsville, Pa., is situated.
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. Largely through the efforts of Henry Clay it was continued (1825–33) westward through Ohio, using part of the road built by Ebenezer Zane. By this time the older part of the road was badly in need of repair. Control of the road was therefore turned over to the states through which it passed, where tolls for maintenance were collected. It was carried on to Vandalia, Ill., and finally to St. Louis. The old route became part of U.S. Highway 40. At points on the road copies of a statue called the Madonna of the Trail have been erected to honor the pioneer women who went West over the National Road.

Bibliography

See P. D. Jordan, The National Road (1948).

References in periodicals archive ?
The National Road Safety Council has pledged N$3 million for traffic law enforcement units in the country to improve their visibility on national roads in the upcoming festive season.
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2 for the second annual JST DRV Radio PSA Contest, sponsored by The National Road Safety Foundation and NSSP, the National Student Safety Program of the American Driver and Traffic Safety Education Association (ADTSEA).
Creative minds: proceedings of a public seminar on archaeological discoveries on National Road schemes, August 2009 (Archaeology and the National Roads Authority Monograph series 7).
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FRANCINE Whitehead is the toast of her school after she won a national road safety competition.
The World Bank's Board of Executive Directors on Tuesday approved the National Road Rehabilitation Project.
The General Directorate for National Roads and Motorways (GDDKiA) - a Polish government agency formed at the Ministry of Infrastructure (later at the Ministry of Transport and Construction, then at the Ministry of Transport) as a central agency responsible for managing national roads and implementing the national road construction budget.
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THE Chancellor's first Budget paved the way for a national road pricing scheme.
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Any collection strong in either historic photos or American history will welcome the new Heritage edition of THE NATIONAL ROAD .

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