National Security Agency


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National Security Agency

(NSA), an independent agency within the U.S. Dept. of Defense. Founded by presidential order in 1952, its primary functions are to collect and analyze communications intelligence information and data and to protect the security of U.S. national security systems and information. The NSA also engages in antiterrorist computer network operations. The agency includes the Central Security Service, established in 1972 to promote a full partnership between the NSA and the cryptological elements of the armed forces, and the National Cryptologic School. As a result of 9/119/11,
the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, in the United States, and the associated events and impact of those attacks.

The attacks, which were carried out by agents of Al Qaeda (a militant Islamic terrorist group led by Osama bin Laden) used three hijacked commercial
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, the agency significantly expanded its collection and analysis of communications in an effort to thwart terrorist organizations and attacks; some of the NSA's resulting programs, such as the mass collection of the domestic telecommunications records (later banned by Congress), were controversial. In 2009 the U.S. Cyber Command was established under the Strategic Command (see under Strategic Air CommandStrategic Air Command
(SAC), former command of the U.S. air force (see Air Force, United States Department of the) charged with organizing, training, equipping, administering, and preparing strategic air forces for combat; it was headquartered at Offutt Air Force Base.
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) with the head of the NSA as its head. Headquartered in Fort Meade, Md., the NSA is the largest employer of mathematicians in the country. Its director must be a military officer. For many years the NSA was the most hidden of U.S. intelligence agencies; its large budget was secret and its existence barely acknowledged. In addition to its Fort Meade headquarters, the NSA has facilities in a number of other states and countries.

Bibliography

See J. Bamford, The Puzzle Palace (1982) and Body of Secrets (2001).

References in periodicals archive ?
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the National Security Agency (NSA) have established a program under the National Information Assurance Partnership (NIAP) to evaluate IT product conformance to international standards.
computer and telecommunications industry to adopt an encryption standard developed by the National Security Agency called the Clipper Chip.
Baginski served at the National Security Agency, where she held a variety of positions, including lead analyst for the Soviet Union, Executive Assistant to the Director, Chief Policy and Customer Support, Chief Office of the Director, Assistant Deputy Director for Technology, and SIGINT Director.
The Suite B Security Module implements a set of cryptographic algorithms specified by the National Security Agency (NSA) to provide standard, interoperable security for protecting both classified and sensitive but unclassified (SBU) information.
Nasdaq:CHKP), the worldwide leader in securing the Internet, today announced that the NGX version of VPN-1 Power and UTM has been certified against the Common Criteria EAL 4 certification for VPN and IDS/IPS by the National Information Assuance Partnership (NIAP), a United States government initiative of the National Institute of Standards and Technologies and the National Security Agency after testing by the U.
His experience also includes Windows Host Intrusion Detection development at Enterasys Networks and over five years experience at the National Security Agency.
Larson's government experience includes various senior positions at the National Security Agency (NSA) and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
The CCEVS Validation Body is managed and staffed by the National Security Agency (NSA).
a leading provider of network access control and endpoint security solutions, today announced that its Secure Enclave Product has been accepted for evaluation by the National Information Assurance Partnership (NIAP), a collaborative government initiative between the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the National Security Agency (NSA) to create the level of consumer trust in information assurance systems.
Brian has a wealth of knowledge and experience managing projects with key players in the national security sector, including the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), National Security Agency (NSA), Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), and National Geospatial Agency (NGA)," says Gerald Croan, an executive vice president with ICF Caliber.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the National Security Agency (NSA) established NIAP to evaluate Information Technology (IT) product conformance to international standards.

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