National Road

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National Road,

U.S. highway built in the early 19th cent. At the time of its construction, the National Road was the most ambitious road-building project ever undertaken in the United States. It finally extended from Cumberland, Md., to St. Louis and was the great highway of Western migration. Agitation for a road to the West began c.1800. Congress approved the route and appointed a committee to plan details in 1806. Contracts were given in 1811, but the War of 1812 intervened, and construction did not begin until 1815. The first section (called the Cumberland Road) was built of crushed stone. Opened in 1818, it ran from Cumberland to Wheeling, W.Va., following in part the Native American trail known as Nemacolin's PathNemacolin's Path
, Native American trail between the Potomac and the Monongahela rivers, going from the site of Cumberland, Md., to the mouth of Redstone Creek, where Brownsville, Pa., is situated.
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. Largely through the efforts of Henry Clay it was continued (1825–33) westward through Ohio, using part of the road built by Ebenezer Zane. By this time the older part of the road was badly in need of repair. Control of the road was therefore turned over to the states through which it passed, where tolls for maintenance were collected. It was carried on to Vandalia, Ill., and finally to St. Louis. The old route became part of U.S. Highway 40. At points on the road copies of a statue called the Madonna of the Trail have been erected to honor the pioneer women who went West over the National Road.


See P. D. Jordan, The National Road (1948).

References in periodicals archive ?
The National Road Safety Council has pledged N$3 million for traffic law enforcement units in the country to improve their visibility on national roads in the upcoming festive season.
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) has approved to the Republic of Macedonia a loan of 305 million euros, 145 million euros of which is intended for the second stage of the railroad to Bulgaria and 160 million euros of which is for the implementation of the National Roads Program.
Creative minds: proceedings of a public seminar on archaeological discoveries on National Road schemes, August 2009 (Archaeology and the National Roads Authority Monograph series 7).
WARSAW and PARIS, November 14 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Poland's General Directorate for National Roads and Motorways has selected an Alcatel-Lucent (Euronext Paris and NYSE: ALU) and Thales consortium to design, integrate, install and deploy the systems that will bring the A2 motorway up to EU commercial motorway standards.
Under the new policy, the state would direct the building of the expressways that are part of the 11,520-kilometer expanse of high-speed national roads now being built or planned.
POLITICIANS claimed yesterday the government is pay e3million for a road - because the National Roads Authority hasn't got the cash to do the job.
US$50 million is being sought from the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) for Rehabilitation of National Roads (HA0087):
A general overview for each road construction market examines key areas such as value of the construction market and output, sources of funding and investment in national roads, the national road construction programme.
Tenders are invited for General Directorate for National Roads and Highways Department in Krakow
The Parliament passed Thursday the law guaranteeing that Macedonia will meet its responsibilities arising from the agreement on borrowing money for the project of reconstructing roads to be signed between the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development World Bank and the Macedonian National Roads Company.
Galway County Council is managing the project and the National Roads Authority, the body with overall responsibility for planning and supervising construction and maintenance for national roads within the Republic of Ireland, is funding it.
An National Roads Agency spokeswoman said: "Our inspectors are not in favour of these signs.

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