Native American music


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Native American music.

The music of Native North Americans is primarily a vocal art, usually choral, although some nations favor solo singing. Native American music is entirely melodic; there is no harmony or polyphony, although there is occasional antiphonal singing between soloist and chorus. The melody is, in general, characterized by a descending melodic figure; its rhythm is irregular. There is no conception of absolute pitch and intonation can appear uncertain, the result of the distinctive method of voice production, involving muscular tension in the vocal apparatus and making possible frequent strong accents and glissandos. Singing is nearly always accompanied, at least by drums. Various types of drums and rattles are the chief percussion instruments. Wind instruments are mainly flutes and whistles.

For the Native American, song is traditionally the chief means of communicating with the supernatural powers, and music is seldom performed for its own sake; definite results, such as the bringing of rain, success in battle, or the curing of the sick, are expected from music. There are three classes of songs—traditional songs, handed down from generation to generation; ceremonial and medicine songs, supposed to be received in dreams; and modern songs, showing the influence of European culture. Songs of heroes are often old, adapted to the occasion by the insertion of the new hero's name. Love songs often are influenced by the music of whites and are regarded as degenerate by many Native Americans.

See also North American Native artNorth American Native art,
diverse traditional arts of Native North Americans. In recent years Native American arts have become commodities collected and marketed by nonindigenous Americans and Europeans.
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; Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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.

Bibliography

See F. Densmore, The American Indians and Their Music (rev. ed. 1936); C. Kaywood, A Bibliography of North American Folklore and Folksong (1951); C. Hofman, American Indians Sing (1967); and many books by F. Densmore on music of individual tribes (most repr. 1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Taoiseach, 'chieftain' or 'leader' in the Irish language, was treated to a display of native American music and dancing, complete with war whoops.
Trickster Gallery of Native American Art: Learn about the culture of the Aztec tribe as Native American music and dances are showcased.
Moving west, Dvorak's sweeping New World Symphony was written during his visit to the United States, and features motifs adapted from the Native American music and African American spirituals he heard during his time there.
Miyo Kekisepa, Make A Stand is a choice pick for traditional Native American music collections, enthusiastically recommended.
First, there is the idea that Native American music in general had a strong influence on the development of contemporary music.
com)-- On Tuesday, August 16, the Native American Music Association announced that The GroovaLottos are top nominees for "Best Pop Recording" with their E.
Howard, "Pan-Indian Culture in Oklahoma," The Scientific Monthly 81/5 (1955): 215-20; "Pan-Indianism in Native American Music and Dance," Ethnomusicology 28/1 (1983): 71-82.
John and his band Bad Dogs released their Blue Indians recording in 1999, which won a Native American Music Award, while his book Stickman: Poems, Lyrics, Talks gained him international success that same year.
Her poetry CDs--Firewater (2009), Got Your Back (2012) and 6 Directions (2013)--all received nominations for Best Spoken Word Recording at the Canadian Aboriginal Music Awards, the Aboriginal Peoples Choice Music Awards and the Native American Music Awards.
Dawn Karima, Native American Music Award Winner and Indigenous Music Award Nominee, won an Indigenous Artist Activist Award for her work in Indigenous Journalism.
Last year Duncan was honored with the "Artist of the Year" award at the 2013 Native American Music Awards for his album Earth Warrior.
Created by the composer-librettist Augusta Cecconi-Bates UE, this opera was nominated for the Native American Music Award in 2009.

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