Though over the years there have been quite a number of publications stemming from the Wadi Hammeh 27 excavation project, the detailed report under review here is a most welcome and valuable addition to our knowledge on the Natufians
and their sites.
Environmental stresses may also have caused Natufians
in the Near East to settle down for the first time and pursue agriculture," he said.
This is a custom that is no longer nomadic and shows the Natufians
were in a very interesting transition stage.
In his view, those huts--but not the Kharaneh IV huts--were precursors of 14,500-year-old oval structures with stone foundations built at several Middle Eastern sites by the Natufians
, the first foraging society known to inhabit permanent settlements.
practiced decapitation indicating that this society practiced certain rituals but with a meaningful purpose that would have served their new transition to agriculturalists.
And thus the 'voices' which I am supposing were heard by the Natufians
could with time improvise and 'say' things that the king himself had never said.
Examples include Chinchorro along the northern coast of Chile (Arriaza 1995), the Natufians
in the Levantine corridor of the Near East (Bar-Yosef 1986), the Jomon of Japan (Imamura 1996) and the Ertebolle of circum-Baltic Europe (Zvelebil 1996).
Throughout much of their existence, Natufians
avidly hunted gazelle as well as small animals such as tortoises, partridges, and hares.
The idea that the Natufians
were the first to cultivate fields near these sites, as suggested long ago by Garrod (Garrod 1957), is once more increasing in popularity (Bar-Yosef & Meadow 1995), making this interpretation all the more enticing
Data from Israeli sites suggests that the Natufians
spent most of the year in villages, where they specialized in gazelle hunting and gathering cereals, perhaps leading to the beginnings of agriculture, holds Daniel E.
Being still Pleistocene (even if Late-Glacial), the Natufians
commonly appear in textbooks as passive collectors of nature's gifts (even though Mesolithic communities in temperate Europe are increasingly being portrayed as active ecological agents, especially by the use of fire).
Plant food shortages may have provided an important incentive for cereal cultivation by early Natufians
, Unger-Hamilton says.