National Park

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national park

an area of countryside for public use designated by a national government as being of notable scenic, environmental, or historical importance

National Park

a mountainous volcanic region in New Zealand, in the central North Island: ski resort

National Park

A federally owned area administered by the National Park Service, often extensive in size, individually designated by Congress for purposes of recreation, culture, or scenic or historic preservation, such as Yosemite National Park, Yellowstone, and the Grand Canyon.

National Park

 

a protected land or water area with a relatively unspoiled natural setting, often with unusual features, such as waterfalls, canyons, and picturesque landscapes. Some national parks are analogous to preserves, from which they differ mainly in that they are also public recreation areas.

Originally, national parks were set aside as areas where the state protected natural resources from predatory exploitation by private entrepreneurs. The first such area, Yellowstone National Park in the USA, was established in 1872. By 1973 there were more than 1,000 national parks in 98 countries. In many countries national parks are established by the supreme legislative body of the state. In some countries, such as the USA and Japan, the excessive number of visitors to the national parks creates a threat to the natural objects; therefore, steps are taken to provide for appropriate organization of the national parks and the surrounding regions. In the USSR the Lahemaa National Park in Estonia (1969) and the Gauja National Park in Latvia (1973) were established by decrees of the Councils of Ministers of the Estonian SSR and the Latvian SSR.

REFERENCE

United Nations List of National Parks and Equivalent Reserves, 2nd ed. Brussels, 1971.

V. A. BORISOV

References in periodicals archive ?
University of Oregon instructor Whitey Lueck used to bring his classes to the nature park until the side effects of homeless camps, such as the smell and sight of human waste, ruined the visits.
Claimed to be an environment-friendly hotel and spa, it stands on a 326-acre nature park.
The Visitors Pavilion provides an evocative place to rest and reflect upon one's experience of the 100 Acres Art and Nature Park.
The Nature Park will expand its parking lot and include fencing, posts and a better entrance, and a wheelchair-accessible pathway will be built from the trailhead to the new washroom.
LITTLE ARMY: The pupils march onwards into Benwell Nature Park to plant grass seeds
The project at Caldy Nature Park has been funded by contributions from the Friends of Caldy and Boughton Heath parish council.
Those seeking entertainment have plenty of options at the Qurum Nature Park as well as at the 750,000 square-metre Naseem Park, where rides, an international pavilion and concerts are held every day.
Nature Park is literally a mini forest of pine and oak trees, which were originally planted by the British over 100 years ago.
Tamworth Borough Council's street wardens installed the goalposts at an area of land which used to be known as the Bumpy, which is now Burgess Nature Park.
The bill, which Smyth introduced this week, would create a joint-powers authority with state and local governments to develop a nature park when the field lab site is finally cleaned up to safe standards.
Hopefully, the Llanishen reservoir site now look set to be kept out of the hands of developers and left as a nature park.
The nature park is funded and managed by the Altai Republic, unlike federal parks, which are administered in faraway Moscow.