National Park

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national park

an area of countryside for public use designated by a national government as being of notable scenic, environmental, or historical importance

National Park

a mountainous volcanic region in New Zealand, in the central North Island: ski resort

National Park

A federally owned area administered by the National Park Service, often extensive in size, individually designated by Congress for purposes of recreation, culture, or scenic or historic preservation, such as Yosemite National Park, Yellowstone, and the Grand Canyon.

National Park

 

a protected land or water area with a relatively unspoiled natural setting, often with unusual features, such as waterfalls, canyons, and picturesque landscapes. Some national parks are analogous to preserves, from which they differ mainly in that they are also public recreation areas.

Originally, national parks were set aside as areas where the state protected natural resources from predatory exploitation by private entrepreneurs. The first such area, Yellowstone National Park in the USA, was established in 1872. By 1973 there were more than 1,000 national parks in 98 countries. In many countries national parks are established by the supreme legislative body of the state. In some countries, such as the USA and Japan, the excessive number of visitors to the national parks creates a threat to the natural objects; therefore, steps are taken to provide for appropriate organization of the national parks and the surrounding regions. In the USSR the Lahemaa National Park in Estonia (1969) and the Gauja National Park in Latvia (1973) were established by decrees of the Councils of Ministers of the Estonian SSR and the Latvian SSR.

REFERENCE

United Nations List of National Parks and Equivalent Reserves, 2nd ed. Brussels, 1971.

V. A. BORISOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Gathering and review of relevant data for system of Croatian national and nature parks that would be used for development of the market based pricing strategy:
Detailed analysis of existing tourism and recreational services and recommendation for revision in national parks Plitvicka jezera, Krka, Brijuni, Mljet, Kornati, Paklenica and Nature park Tela cica.
The authors have published principles to guide the management of horse riding in urban nature parks and for assessing risk at individual sites.
Working closely with Bill Logan and Dr David Shorthouse, both with Environment ACT, she examined the published evidence on the impacts of horse riding in conservation areas comparable to the Canberra Nature Park.
As of March 2001, 28 national parks, 55 quasi-national parks and 307 prefectural nature parks exist in Japan, covering 14% of the country's territory.
330 Nature Parks managers and technicians are expected to be
Workers at Benwell Nature Park and Gosforth Central Park picked up Green Flag awards, the equivalent of the Blue Flags for beaches, at a ceremony in Stratford-on-Avon.
The proposed legislation also contains provisions to protect wild life in private lands located inside nature parks by authorizing private non-profit groups or local authorities to set up nature protection zones with the landowners.
Private non-profit groups and local authorities would also be allowed to manage nature parks on behalf of the state.
The current nature parks law allows the government to ban motor vehicles and motorcycles from entering designated park areas.
Phillip Island Nature Parks is a world leader in wildlife research and a major tourism drawcard for Victoria.
The board has a vital role in ensuring that Phillip Island Nature Parks are well managed now and for the benefit of Victorians well into the future," Mr Smith said.