Naval Base

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Naval Base


an armed and defended area (zone) of coastal territory and the adjacent sea area, usually with several points where ships may be based and with forces and means for defending the area, which supports the dispersed disposition and large-scale maneuvers of naval forces. The composition of the forces subordinate to the commander of the naval base (units or subunits of the naval rocket and artillery forces; large units of submarine chasers, minesweepers, and torpedo boats; and so forth) depends on the missions of the base.

Depending on the length of time ships are based there, a naval base may be a permanent or a temporary, a rear or a forward base. The permanent base at which a large proportion of the basic combat vessels are based and where, as a rule, a fleet headquarters is located, is called a major naval base. The basic elements of a permanent naval base are mooring facilities, ship-repair and power-producing facilities, missile and artillery arsenals, stockpiles of weapons, fuel and other kinds of supplies, hospitals, training centers, barracks and other living quarters, approach roads, and so forth. Security for ships based at a naval base is provided by organizing defense measures from land, sea, and air; by camouflaging the base; and by defending it from weapons of mass destruction. One of the most effective ways of defending naval units from destruction by nuclear weapons is considered to be the dispersed basing of ships. With this end in mind, various base points are established within the area of the base for separate large ships, groups of medium-sized ships, and large units of small ships. Places for the further dispersal of ships are also determined and equipped to the minimum degree necessary.

The supplying of ships at their positions of dispersal and at certain base points—such as the mobile base points for US missile-carrying submarine squadrons—is carried out by means of mobile (or floating) service areas—such as floating bases, floating docks, or supply transports. These areas reduce the dependence of such vessels on shore support facilities, which are extremely vulnerable to nuclear strikes.


References in periodicals archive ?
The interest shown by friendly countries for this naval base but also the potential of hosting a substantial number of warships, either as part of bilateral relations, or at a European level under the new European defence union, undeniably form the conditions for a significant change of the state of affairs in the wider region," Fokaides said.
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With the economic progress in the region, the responsibility of Porbandar naval base had grown manifold, the Chief of the Naval Staff said.
In the joint session of Parliament here on Tuesday on point of order Mian Raza Rabbani said that the discussion of attack on Karachi Naval Base came in newspapers, this house condemns it.
Thirteen people were killed and around 60 were injured on July 11, 2011, when a massive explosion occurred at the naval base, badly damaging the island's main power plant, at Vasiliko.
This naval base is of strategic and historic importance insofar as it saw the signing of the evacuation agreement on June 6, 1962, according to a Presidency press release.
INS Dweeprakshak, the latest naval base was commissioned by Vice Admiral KN Sushil, Flag Officer Commanding in Chief Southern Naval Command.
Salmond said: "The configuration of the Army in Scotland, the mobile brigade, which is the outcome of the defence review, looks exactly like the configuration you'd want for a Scottish defence force - that's one naval base, one aircraft base and a mobile armed brigade.
According to the information, Gwangjeong village in Jeju Island was designated for a naval base in 2007.
A MASSIVE explosion ripped through a Cypriot naval base yesterday after a brush fire detonated stored gunpowder, killing 12, wounding 62 and prompting the resignations of the country's defence minister and top military chief.
So, too, has the Pakistani defense minister's disclosure that his country recently asked China to start building a naval base at its strategically positioned port of Gwadar, on the Arabian Sea.
PAKISTAN Militants last night attacked a naval base in the southern Pakistani city of Karachi, rocking the base with explosions and battling commandos sent in to subdue the attackers, security officials said.

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