Naval Base

Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Naval Base


an armed and defended area (zone) of coastal territory and the adjacent sea area, usually with several points where ships may be based and with forces and means for defending the area, which supports the dispersed disposition and large-scale maneuvers of naval forces. The composition of the forces subordinate to the commander of the naval base (units or subunits of the naval rocket and artillery forces; large units of submarine chasers, minesweepers, and torpedo boats; and so forth) depends on the missions of the base.

Depending on the length of time ships are based there, a naval base may be a permanent or a temporary, a rear or a forward base. The permanent base at which a large proportion of the basic combat vessels are based and where, as a rule, a fleet headquarters is located, is called a major naval base. The basic elements of a permanent naval base are mooring facilities, ship-repair and power-producing facilities, missile and artillery arsenals, stockpiles of weapons, fuel and other kinds of supplies, hospitals, training centers, barracks and other living quarters, approach roads, and so forth. Security for ships based at a naval base is provided by organizing defense measures from land, sea, and air; by camouflaging the base; and by defending it from weapons of mass destruction. One of the most effective ways of defending naval units from destruction by nuclear weapons is considered to be the dispersed basing of ships. With this end in mind, various base points are established within the area of the base for separate large ships, groups of medium-sized ships, and large units of small ships. Places for the further dispersal of ships are also determined and equipped to the minimum degree necessary.

The supplying of ships at their positions of dispersal and at certain base points—such as the mobile base points for US missile-carrying submarine squadrons—is carried out by means of mobile (or floating) service areas—such as floating bases, floating docks, or supply transports. These areas reduce the dependence of such vessels on shore support facilities, which are extremely vulnerable to nuclear strikes.


References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Tammar wallabies, like this one living on an Australian naval base, use day and night clues to sync the births of their joeys with the seasons.
With the economic progress in the region, the responsibility of Porbandar naval base had grown manifold, the Chief of the Naval Staff said.
They had been stored at the Evangelos Florakis naval base in containers that were left exposed to the elements until the day they exploded.
INS Dweeprakshak, the latest Naval Base of Indian Navy was commissioned at Kavaratti in the Lakshadweep archipelago today by Vice Admiral KN Sushil, Flag Officer Commanding in Chief Southern Naval Command.
Smoke billows from the damaged Mari power station - the island''s primary electricity generator - damaged by the explosion''s shock wave near the Evangelos Florakis naval base in Mari, Cyprus
It was known that Gwadar, which overlooks Gulf shipping lanes and is near the Iran border, would eventually double as a naval base.
The attack began with at least three loud explosions heard by people who live around the naval base.
It is a great pleasure to be taking over as Naval Base Commander of the future home of the Royal Navy's Submarine Service.
TCG Gelibolu frigate, which raised anchor from Aksaz Naval Base 6 months ago, returned to the base after cruising for 161 days, a distance of 30,000 nautical miles.
Naval Base San Diego recently celebrated the grand opening of a state-of-the-industry, full-service Recreation Center and Budweiser Brewhouse just adjacent to the main waterfront and pier.
The IRGC during the week said it had completed a new naval base at Bandar Asaluyeh in the Persian Gulf.
Summary: Libya has offered Russia a naval base in the Mediterranean as the two countries moved to rebuild defence and economic ties.

Full browser ?