Periplus

(redirected from Navigatio)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Periplus

 

(plural, peripli), an ancient Greek literary genre presenting an account of a coastal sea voyage. Peripli are usually divided into two types: travel descriptions and manuals for the use of navigators.

Among peripli of the first group are the periplus about a voyage along the western coast of Africa compiled by the Carthaginian Hanno (seventh-sixth centuries B.C.) and a nonextant periplus (second half of sixth century B.C.) used by Avienus (fourth century A.D.) in his description of the coasts of Spain, Britain, and Gaul. A description of a journey from the Indus River to the Euphrates written by the naval commander Near chus dates from the fourth century B.C.; it was used by Strabo (first century B.C.-first century A.D.) and Arrian (second century A.D.). The works of these two authors also attest to the existence of a Black Sea periplus and of a route to the Atlantic.

The second type of periplus described special features and dangers of a particular route, locations of convenient harbors, and distances between points. The earliest known periplus of this type, dating from approximately the mid-fourth century B.C., is ascribed to the Greek explorer Scylax (Pseudo-Scylax). It describes the coasts of the Mediterranean and Black seas. Another example is the Red Sea periplus, compiled circa 110 B.C.; fragments of it are found in works by Diodorus Siculus (first century B.C.) and Photius (ninth century A.D.). Also belonging to this type of periplus is a detailed description of a voyage from Egypt to India compiled in the first century A.D. Most peripli have not been preserved.

EDITIONS

Müller, C. Geographi Graeci Minores, vol. 2. Paris, 1861.
Müller, C. Fragmenta historicorum graecorum, vol. 1. Paris, 1841.
References in periodicals archive ?
vi), cuyas exploraciones por el Atlantico hacia el oeste lo impulsaron a escribir su Navigatio sancti Brendani abbatis (escrito, tal vez, hacia el ano 800), testimonio de la existencia de islas maravillosas habitadas por seres increibles.
Navigatio, septentrionalis, det er, Relation eller bescriffuelse, om seiglads oc reyse, paa denne Nordvestiske Passagie, som nu kaldis Nova Dania: igiennem Fretum Christian at opsoge,.
Ugo descrive le sette arti meccaniche (lanificium, armatura, navigatio [commercio], agricultura, venatio, medicina, theatrica) e le include tra tutte le artes che concorrono al sapere e al vivere dell'uomo.
Qatar Navigatio, a marine-freight transport company, rose 6.
But this intuition seems to have been around long before the age of geographical discoveries, as confirmed by Navigatio Sancti Brendani, a record of the sixth century Celtic monk's journey west, to the "land of promise of the saints.
203) que sigue, Carlos Fuentes profaniza y así subvierte el tradicional simbolismo solemne del barco como barco fúnebre y del viaje como una navigatio vitae (5).
The Latin Navigatio Sancti Brendani achieved great popularity, being circulated and translated all over Europe and surviving today in well over 100 manuscripts.
Their topics include the Island of the Birds in the Navigatio sancti Brendani, the Hispanic version, the abbot and the monastic community in the Gaelic churches 550-800, and German prose versions and their illustrations.
The sometimes exciting rewards of giving up everything for some hoped-for bigger prize are exemplified in the Navigatio, the ninth-century account of Brendan's peregrinations.
The first part is divided into nine subsections dealing respectively with: (1) the Vita Brendani/Betha Brgnainn; (2) the Navigatio Sancti Brendani; (3) the Brendan material included in the Legenda aurea; (4) other Latin texts; (5) vernacular versions of the Navigatio, including those in Catalan, Dutch, English, French, German, Italian, Norse, and Occitan; (6) details of St Brendan's life and the marvels associated with him; (7 and 8) references to Brendan in other saints' lives; (9) references to modern literary works deriving from the Brendan legend.
The navigator was able to isolate the two GPS navigatio nsystems and bring the previously failed inertial navigation unit on line.
The legend of St Brendan, in which he is thought to have landed on the back of a whale, is wonderfully illustrated in Honorius Philoponus' Nova typis transacta navigatio of 1621 (fig.