Periplus

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Periplus

 

(plural, peripli), an ancient Greek literary genre presenting an account of a coastal sea voyage. Peripli are usually divided into two types: travel descriptions and manuals for the use of navigators.

Among peripli of the first group are the periplus about a voyage along the western coast of Africa compiled by the Carthaginian Hanno (seventh-sixth centuries B.C.) and a nonextant periplus (second half of sixth century B.C.) used by Avienus (fourth century A.D.) in his description of the coasts of Spain, Britain, and Gaul. A description of a journey from the Indus River to the Euphrates written by the naval commander Near chus dates from the fourth century B.C.; it was used by Strabo (first century B.C.-first century A.D.) and Arrian (second century A.D.). The works of these two authors also attest to the existence of a Black Sea periplus and of a route to the Atlantic.

The second type of periplus described special features and dangers of a particular route, locations of convenient harbors, and distances between points. The earliest known periplus of this type, dating from approximately the mid-fourth century B.C., is ascribed to the Greek explorer Scylax (Pseudo-Scylax). It describes the coasts of the Mediterranean and Black seas. Another example is the Red Sea periplus, compiled circa 110 B.C.; fragments of it are found in works by Diodorus Siculus (first century B.C.) and Photius (ninth century A.D.). Also belonging to this type of periplus is a detailed description of a voyage from Egypt to India compiled in the first century A.D. Most peripli have not been preserved.

EDITIONS

Müller, C. Geographi Graeci Minores, vol. 2. Paris, 1861.
Müller, C. Fragmenta historicorum graecorum, vol. 1. Paris, 1841.
References in periodicals archive ?
58) Navigatio Sancti Brendani Abbatis, from Early Latin Manuscripts, ed.
Di questa redazione della Navigatio, Novati aveva cominciato ad occuparsi, su suggerimento di Rajna, fin dal 1885, tanto "per provarsi un po' in ricerche linguistiche che per verita non aveva mai amaro molto"; ma il lavoro era rimasto interrotto, ne si sarebbe forse mai concretato in una pubblicazione, se nel 1892, nell'imminenza del passaggio a professore ordinario, lo studioso non avesse dovuto cimentarsi in un qualche "sforzo glottologico"; aveva allora "ripescato" quel testo e si era dovuto rassegnare "a schierar in buon ordine toniche ed atone, gutturali, sorde e sonore e tutto il resto".
NASCIMENTO, "The Hispanic Version of the Navigatio Sancti Brendani: Tradition or form of reception of a text?
But this intuition seems to have been around long before the age of geographical discoveries, as confirmed by Navigatio Sancti Brendani, a record of the sixth century Celtic monk's journey west, to the "land of promise of the saints.
La mayoria eran recreaciones de manuscritos latinos como El viaje de San Brandan de Benedeit, en el siglo XII, basado en la Navigatio Sancti Brendanni Abbatis, escrita en el siglo X (1).
RESUMEN: A traves de dos fuentes hagiograficas tardoantiguas, la Vita Sancti Macarii Romani y la Navigatio Brendani, pretendemos analizar un nuevo concepto cristiano del espacio geografico plasmado mediante la metafora del viaje; viaje que los protagonistas, monjes en ambos casos, emprenden hacia un destino real y al mismo tiempo imaginario: el paraiso terrenal.
A study of community in eighth-century Ireland based on Navigatio Sancti Brendani Abbatis and the Celi de rules.
The third play in the group, Inferna Navigatio, is the only free-standing dramatization of Book 6 of the Aeneid.
203) que sigue, Carlos Fuentes profaniza y así subvierte el tradicional simbolismo solemne del barco como barco fúnebre y del viaje como una navigatio vitae (5).
The Latin Navigatio Sancti Brendani achieved great popularity, being circulated and translated all over Europe and surviving today in well over 100 manuscripts.
Anna Fagnoni compares themes (guides, food supplies, nudity) in Lives of the Desert Fathers with those of Navigatio Brendani, which was perhaps written at Metz, and survives in manuscripts of the tenth century onwards.
5) For the rest of this essay, I will focus on one Irish text that stands as an early high point in the imaginative stream that draws on the creation of inspirational otherworlds, and does so especially with the figure of the island: the Navigatio sancti Brendani abbatis (Voyage of St.